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Does a focus on universals represent a new trend in word recognition?

  • Laurie Beth Feldman (a1) and Fermín Moscoso del Prado Martín (a2)

Comparisons across languages have long been a means to investigate universal properties of the cognitive system. Although differences between languages may be salient, it is the underlying similarities that have advanced our understanding of language processing. Frost is not unique in emphasizing that the interaction among linguistic codes reinforces the inadequacy of constructing a model of word recognition where orthographic processes operate in isolation.

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Feldman, L. B. & Andjelković, D. (1992) Morphological analysis in word recognition. In: Phonology, orthography, morphology and meaning, ed. Frost, R. & Katz, L., pp. 343–60. North-Holland.
Feldman, L. B. & Bentin, S. (1994) Morphological analysis of disrupted morphemes: Evidence from Hebrew. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A: Human Experimental Psychology 47A:407–35.
Feldman, L. B., Frost, R. & Pnini, T. (1995) Decomposing words into their constituent morphemes: Evidence from English and Hebrew. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 21:947–60.
Feldman, L. B., Kostić, A., Gvozdenović, V., O'Connor, P. A. & Moscoso del Prado Martín, F. (2012) Early morpho-semantic processing in Serbian: A violation of form-then-meaning accounts of word recognition. Psychological Bulletin and Review 16:684–91.
Feldman, L. B., O'Connor, P. A. & Moscoso del Prado Martín, F. (2009) Early morphological processing is morpho-semantic and not simply morpho-orthographic: A violation of form-then-meaning accounts of word recognition. Psychological Bulletin and Review 16:684–91. doi:10.3758/PBR.16.4.684.
Frost, R., Deutsch, A. & Forster, K. I. (2000a) Decomposing morphologically complex words in a nonlinear morphology. Journal of Experimental Psychology Learning Memory, and Cognition 26:751–65.
Frost, R., Deutsch, A., Gilboa, O., Tannenbaum, M. & Marslen-Wilson, W. (2000b) Morphological priming: Dissociation of phonological, semantic, and morphological factors. Memory and Cognition 28:1277–88.
Frost, R., Forster, K. I. & Deutsch, A. (1997) What can we learn from the morphology of Hebrew: A masked priming investigation of morphological representation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory, and Cognition 23(4):829–56.
Frost, R., Katz, L. & Bentin, S. (1987) Strategies for visual word recognition and orthographical depth: A multilingual comparison. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 13:104–15.
Frost, R., Kugler, T., Deutsch, A. & Forster, K. I. (2005) Orthographic structure versus morphological structure: Principles of lexical organization in a given language. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 31(6):1293–326.
Moscoso del Prado Martín, F., Deutsch, A., Frost, R., Schreuder, R.,De Jong, N., & Baayen, R. H. (2005) Changing places: A cross-language perspective on frequency and family size in Dutch and Hebrew. Journal of Memory and Language 53:496512.
Rastle, K., Davis, M. H. & New, B. (2004) The broth in my brother's brothel: Morpho-orthographic segmentation in visual word recognition. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 11:1090–98.
Rueckl, J. G. & Aicher, K. A. (2008) Are CORNER and BROTHER morphologically complex? Not in the long term. Language and Cognitive Processes 23:9721001.
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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