Skip to main content Accesibility Help

The importance of not only individual, but also community and society factors in resilience in later life

  • Kate Mary Bennett (a1) and Gillian Windle (a2)

Little work has focused on resilience amongst older adults, and few factors have been identified that promote their resilience. Kalisch et al. suggest that socioenvironmental factors are distant influences. We argue, however, that community and societal influences are as important as individual ones. Further, an ecological framework explains why some older adults are resilient whilst others are not.

Hide All
Bennett, K. M. (2010) How to achieve resilience as an older widower: Turning points or gradual change? Ageing and Society 30:369–82.
Donnellan, W. J., Bennett, K. M. & Soulsby, L. K. (2014) What are the factors that facilitate or hinder resilience in older spousal dementia carers? A qualitative study. Aging and Mental Health. Available at:
Fuller-Iglesias, H., Sellars, B. & Antonucci, T. C. (2008) Resilience in old age: Social relations as a protective factor. Research in Human Development 5(3):181–93.
Lee, H.-S., Brown, S. L., Mitchell, M. M. & Schiraldi, G. R. (2008) Correlates of resilience in the face of adversity for Korean women immigrating to the US. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 10:415–22.
Netuveli, G., Wiggins, R. D., Montgomery, S. M., Hildon, Z. & Blane, D. (2008) Mental health and resilience at older ages: Bouncing back after adversity in the British Household Panel Survey. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 62:987–91.
Seddon, D., Robinson, C. A., Reeves, C., Tommis, Y., Woods, B. & Russell, I. (2006) In their own right: Translating the policy of carer assessment into practice. British Journal of Social Work 7(8):1335–52.
Ungar, M. (2011) The social ecology of resilience: Addressing contextual and cultural ambiguity of a nascent construct. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 81(1):117.
Wells, M. (2010) Resilience in older adults living in rural, suburban, and urban areas. Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care 10(2):4554.
Windle, G. (2011) What is resilience? A review and concept analysis. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology 21(2):152–69.
Windle, G. (2012) The contribution of resilience to healthy ageing. Perspectives in Public Health 132(4):159–60.
Windle, G. & Bennett, K. M. (2011) Resilience and caring relationships. In: Social ecology of resilience, ed. Ungar, M., pp. 219–31. Springer.
Windle, G., Markland, D. A. & Woods, B. (2008) Examination of a theoretical model of psychological resilience in older age. Aging and Mental Health 12(3):285–92.
Windle, G. & Woods, B. (2004) Variations in well-being: The mediating role of a psychological resource. Ageing and Society 24:583602.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed