Skip to main content

It's time to move beyond the “Great Chain of Being”

  • Robert J. Sternberg (a1)

The target article provides an anthropocentric model of understanding intelligence in nonhuman animals. Such an idea dates back to Plato and, more recently, Lovejoy: On Earth, humans are at the top and other animals at successively lower levels. We then evaluate these other animals by our anthropocentric folk theories of their intelligence rather than by their own adaptive requirements.

Hide All
Bitterman, M. E. (1960) Toward a comparative psychology of learning. American Psychologist 15:704–12.
Cole, M., Gay, J., Glick, J. & Sharp, D. W. (1971) The cultural context of learning and thinking. Basic Books.
Georgas, J., Weiss, L. G., Van de Vijver, F. J. R. & Saklofske, D. H. (2003) Culture and children's intelligence: Cross-cultural analysis of the WISC-III. Academic Press.
Gibson, J. J. (1979) The ecological approach to visual perception. Houghton Mifflin.
Intelligence and its measurement: A symposium. (1921) Journal of Educational Psychology 12:123–47, 195–216, 271–275.
Lovejoy, A. O. (1936) The great chain of being: A study of the history of an idea. Harvard University Press.
Luria, A. R. (1976) Cognitive development: Its cultural and social foundations. Harvard University Press.
Sternberg, R. J. (1990) Metaphors of mind: Conceptions of the nature of intelligence. Cambridge University Press.
Sternberg, R. J. (2004) Culture and intelligence. American Psychologist 59(5):325–38.
Sternberg, R. J. (ed.) (2002) Why smart people can be so stupid. Yale University Press.
Sternberg, R. J. & Detterman, D. K. (ed.) (1986) What is intelligence? Ablex.
Sternberg, R. J., Grigorenko, E. L. & Kidd, K. K. (2005) Intelligence, race, and genetics. American Psychologist 60(1):4659.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 24
Total number of PDF views: 51 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 325 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 15th August 2017 - 19th September 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.