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A note on the endogeneity of attacker and defender roles in asymmetric conflicts

  • Hannes Rusch (a1) (a2) and Robert Böhm (a3)


We argue that the roles of attacker and defender in asymmetric intergroup conflict are structurally ambiguous and their perception is likely to be subjectively biased. Although this allows for endogenous selection into each role, we argue that claiming the role of the defender likely is more advantageous for conflict participants.



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A note on the endogeneity of attacker and defender roles in asymmetric conflicts

  • Hannes Rusch (a1) (a2) and Robert Böhm (a3)


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