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Rediscovering confidence as a mechanism and optimism as a construct

  • Charles S. Carver (a1) (a2) and Michael F. Scheier (a3)

The target article asserts that resilience results from a generalized tendency to appraise stressful circumstances positively. Apparently unbeknownst to the authors, essentially the same idea has been advanced before and studied extensively from a different research perspective. This raises a broader issue: the critical need, when projects attempt to span disciplines, to fully examine work from all relevant backgrounds.

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Boehm, J. K. & Kubzansky, L. D. (2012) The heart's content: The association between positive psychological well-being and cardiovascular health. Psychological Bulletin 138:655–91.
Carver, C. S. (1998) Resilience and thriving: Issues, models, and linkages. Journal of Social Issues 54:245–65.
Carver, C. S. (2007) Stress, coping, and health. In: Foundations of health psychology, ed. Friedman, H. S. & Silver, R. C., pp. 117–44. Oxford University Press.
Carver, C. S. & Scheier, M. F. (1998) On the self-regulation of behavior. Cambridge University Press.
Carver, C. S. & Scheier, M. F. (2014) Dispositional optimism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18:293–99.
Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F. & Segerstrom, S. C. (2010) Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review 30:879–89. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006.
Rasmussen, H. N., Scheier, M. F. & Greenhouse, J. B. (2009) Optimism and physical health: A meta-analytic review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 37:239–56.
Scheier, M. F. & Carver, C. S. (1985) Optimism, coping, and health: Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology 4:219–47.
Segerstrom, S. C. (2006) Breaking Murphy's law. Guilford.
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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