Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Subjective effort derives from a neurological monitor of performance costs and physiological resources

  • Mattie Tops (a1), Maarten A. S. Boksem (a2) (a3) and Sander L. Koole (a1)

Kurzban et al.'s expectancy-value mechanism of effort allocation seems relevant in situations when familiar tasks are initiated. However, we think additional mechanisms are important when people continue with a task for a prolonged time. These mechanisms, which are particularly relevant for performance of novel or urgent tasks, involve neural systems that track performance costs and resources.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

P. L. Ackerman (1987) Individual differences in skill learning: An integration of psychometric and information processing perspectives. Psychological Bulletin 102:327.

S. Bell-McGinty , C. Habeck , H. J. Hilton , B. Rakitin , N. Scarmeas , E. Zarahn , J. Flynn , R. DeLaPaz , R. Basner & Y. Stern (2004) Identification and differential vulnerability of a neural network in sleep deprivation. Cerebral Cortex 14:496502.

M. A. S. Boksem & M. Tops (2008) Mental fatigue: Costs and benefits. Brain Research Reviews 59(1):125–39. doi:10.1016/j.brainresrev.2008.07.001.

Y. M. L. Chuah , V. Venkatraman , D. F. Dinges & M. W. L. Chee (2006) The neural basis of interindividual variability in inhibitory efficiency after sleep deprivation. Journal of Neuroscience 26(27):7156–62.

J. T. Coull , R. S. Frackowiak & C. D. Frith (1998) Monitoring for target objects: Activation of right frontal and parietal cortices with increasing time on task. Neuropsychologia 36(12):1325–34.

A. D. Craig (2003) Interoception: The sense of the physiological condition of the body. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 13:500505.

H. D. Critchley , S. Wiens , P. Rotshtein , A. Ohman & R. J. Dolan (2004) Neural systems supporting interoceptive awareness. Nature Neuroscience 7:189–95.

J. B. de Graaf , C. Gallea , J. Pailhous , J. L. Anton , M. Roth & M. Bonnard (2004) Awareness of muscular force during movement production: An fMRI study. NeuroImage 21:1357–67.

P. Luu , Z. Jiang , C. Poulsen , C. Mattson , A. Smith & D. M. Tucker (2011) Learning and the development of contexts for action. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5:159.

M. P. Paulus & M. B. Stein (2006) An insular view of anxiety. Biological Psychiatry 60:382–87.

T. Paus , R. J. Zatorre , N. Hofle , Z. Caramanos , J. Gotman , M. Petrides & A. C. Evans (1997) Time-related changes in neural systems underlying attention and arousal during the performance of an auditory vigilance task. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9(3):392408.

C. Prévost , M. Pessiglione , E. Metereau , M. L. Clery-Melin & J. C. Dreher (2010) Separate valuation subsystems for delay and effort decision costs. Journal of Neuroscience 30(42):14080–90.

L. M. Romero , M. J. Dickens & N. E. Cyr (2009) The Reactive Scope Model–A new model integrating homeostasis, allostasis, and stress. Hormones and Behavior 55(3):375–89.

R. M. Sapolsky (2005) The influence of social hierarchy on primate health. Science 308(5722):648–52.

M. Tops & M. A. S. Boksem (2011) A potential role of the inferior frontal gyrus and anterior insula in cognitive control, brain rhythms and event-related potentials. Frontiers in Psychology 2(330):114.

M. Tops & M. A. S. Boksem (2012) “What's that?” “What went wrong?” Positive and negative surprise and the rostral-ventral to caudal-dorsal functional gradient in the brain. Frontiers in Psychology 3(21):15.

M. P. Walker , R. Stickgold , D. Alsop , N. Gaab & G. Schlaug (2005) Sleep-dependent motor memory plasticity in the human brain. Neuroscience 133(4):911–17.

D. H. Weissman , K. C. Robets , K. M. Visscher & M. G. Woldorff (2006) The neural bases of momentary lapses in attention. Nature Neuroscience 9(7):971–78.

J. W. Williamson , R. McColl & D. Mathews (2003) Evidence for central command activation of the human insular cortex during exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 94:1726–34.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 27 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 84 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.