Skip to main content Accesibility Help

Towards a complete multiple-mechanism account of predictive language processing

  • Nivedita Mani (a1) and Falk Huettig (a2) (a3)

Although we agree with Pickering & Garrod (P&G) that prediction-by-simulation and prediction-by-association are important mechanisms of anticipatory language processing, this commentary suggests that they: (1) overlook other potential mechanisms that might underlie prediction in language processing, (2) overestimate the importance of prediction-by-association in early childhood, and (3) underestimate the complexity and significance of several factors that might mediate prediction during language processing.

Hide All
Chang, F., Dell, G. S. & Bock, K. (2006) Becoming syntactic. Psychological Review 113(2):234272.
DeLong, K. A., Urbach, T. P. & Kutas, M. (2005) Probabilistic word pre-activation during language comprehension inferred from electrical brain activity. Nature Neuroscience 8(8):1117–21.
Evans, N. & Levinson, S. C. (2009) The myth of language universals: Language diversity and its importance for cognitive science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32(5):429–92.
Federmeier, K., McLennan, D. B. & De Ochoa, E. & Kutas, M. (2002) The impact of semantic memory organization and sentence context information on spoken language processing by younger and older adults: An ERP study. Psychophysiology, 39:133–46.
Huettig, F. & Janse, E. (2012) Anticipatory eye movements are modulated by working memory capacity: Evidence from older adults. Paper presented at the 18th Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing Conference, Riva del Garda, Italy.
Huettig, F. & McQueen, J. M. (2007) The tug of war between phonological, semantic and shape information in language-mediated visual search. Journal of Memory and Language 57:460–82.
Mani, N., Durrant, S. & Floccia, C. (2012) Activation of phonological and semantic codes in toddlers. Journal of Memory and Language 66:612–22.
Mani, N. & Huettig, F. (2012) Prediction during language processing is a piece of cake – but only for skilled producers. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 38: 843–47.
Mani, N. & Plunkett, K. (2010) In the infant's mind's ear: Evidence for implicit naming in infancy. Psychological Science 21:908–13.
McDonald, S. A. & Shillcock, R. C. (2003) Eye movements reveal the on-line computation of lexical probabilities. Psychological Science 14:648–52.
Melzer, A., Prinz, W. & Daum, M. M. (2012) Production and perception of contralateral reaching: A close link by 12 months of age. Infant Behavior and Development 35:570–79.
Mishra, R. K., Singh, N., Pandey, A. & Huettig, F. (2012) Spoken language-mediated anticipatory eye movements are modulated by reading ability: Evidence from Indian low and high literates. Journal of Eye Movement Research 5(1):110.
Rommers, J., Meyer, A. S., Praamstra, P., & Huettig, F. (2013). The contents of predictions in sentence comprehension: Activation of the shape of objects before they are referred to. Neuropsychologia 51(3):437–47.
Schwanenflugel, P. J. & Shoben, E. J. (1985) The influence of sentence constraint on the scope of facilitation for upcoming words. Journal of Memory and Language 24:232–52.
Tversky, A. & Kahneman, D. (1973) Availability: A heuristic for judging frequency and probability. Cognitive Psychology 5(2):677–95.
Van Berkum, J. J. A., Brown, M. C., Zwitserlood, P., Kooijman, V. & Hagoort, P. (2005) Anticipating upcoming words in discourse: Evidence from ERPs and reading times. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 31:443–67.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed