This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1 RH Andres , AD Ducray , U Schlattner , (2008) Functions and effects of creatine in the central nervous system. Brain Res Bull 76, 329–343.
3DG Burke , PD Chilibeck , G Parise , (2003) Effect of creatine and weight training on muscle creatine and performance in vegetarians. Med Sci Sports Exerc 35, 1946–1955.
4 ES Rawson , HR Lieberman , TM Walsh , (2008) Creatine supplementation does not improve cognitive function in young adults. Physiol Behav 95, 130–134.
5T McMorris , G Mielcarz , RC Harris , (2007) Creatine supplementation and cognitive performance in elderly individuals. Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 14, 517–528.
6MP Laakso , Y Hiltunen , M Kononen , (2003) Decreased brain creatine levels in elderly apolipoprotein E ɛ4 carriers. J Neural Transm 110, 267–275.
7T McMorris , RC Harris , J Swain , (2006) Effect of creatine supplementation and sleep deprivation, with mild exercise, on cognitive and psychomotor performance, mood state, and plasma concentrations of catecholamines and cortisol. Psychopharmacology 185, 93–103.
8PJ Adhihetty & MF Beal (2008) Creatine and its potential therapeutic value for targeting cellular energy impairment in neurodegenerative diseases. Neuromolecular Med 10, 275–290.
9M Wyss & A Schulze (2002) Health implication of creatine: can oral creatine supplementation protect against neurological and atherosclerotic disease? Neuroscience 112, 243–260.
11 A Watanabe , N Kato & T Kato (2002) Effects of creatine on mental fatigue and cerebral hemoglobin oxygenation. Neurosci Res 42, 279–285.
12 SI Barr & CA Rideout (2004) Nutritional considerations for vegetarian athletes. Nutrition 20, 696–703.
13C Rae , AL Digney , SR McEwan , (2003) Oral creatine monohydrate supplementation improves brain performance: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial. Proc Biol Sci 270, 2147–2150.
18SW MacDonald , SC Li & L Bäckman (2009) Neural underpinnings of within-person variability in cognitive functioning. Psychol Aging 24, 792–808.
19 SW MacDonald , L Nyberg & L Bäckman (2006) Intra-individual variability in behavior: links to brain structure, neurotransmission and neuronal activity. Trends Neurosci 29, 474–480.
21 DL Friedman & R Roberts (1994) Compartmentation of brain-type creatine kinase and ubiquitous mitochondiral creatine kinase in neurons: evidence for a creatine phosphate energy shuttle in adult rat brain. J Comp Neurol 343, 500–511.
22 KB Rooney , JM Bryson , AL Digney , (2003) Creatine supplementation affects glucose homeostasis but not insulin secretion in humans. Ann Nutr Metab 47, 11–15.
23D Benton & D Owens (1993) Blood glucose and human memory. Psychopharmacology 113, 83–88.
24RT Donohoe & D Benton (2000) Glucose tolerance predicts performance on tests of memory and cognition. Physiol Behav 71, 395–401.