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Glycaemic index of Indian flatbreads (rotis) prepared using whole wheat flour and ‘atta mix’-added whole wheat flour

  • Ganesan Radhika (a1), Chandhrasekar Sumathi (a1), Anbazhagan Ganesan (a1), Vasudevan Sudha (a1), Christiani Jeya Kumar Henry (a2) and Viswanathan Mohan (a1)...
Abstract

To compare the glycaemic index (GI) of newly developed ‘atta mix’ roti with whole wheat flour roti. Eighteen healthy non-diabetic subjects consumed 50 g available carbohydrate portions of a reference food (glucose) and two test foods (whole wheat flour roti and atta mix roti) in random order after an overnight fast. The reference food was tested on three separate occasions, while the test foods were each tested once. Capillary blood samples were measured from finger-prick samples in fasted subjects ( − 5 and 0 min) and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 min from the start of each food. No significant difference was observed between roti prepared from whole wheat flour and atta mix in terms of appearance, texture, flavour, taste or acceptability. For each test food, the incremental area under the curve and GI values were determined. The GI of atta mix roti (27·3 (sem 2·2)) was considerably lower than the whole wheat flour roti (45·1 (sem 3·5), P < 0·001). Development of foods with lower dietary glycaemic load such as the atta mix roti could help in the prevention and control of diabetes in South Asian populations, which habitually consume very high glycaemic load diets.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Viswanathan Mohan, fax +91 44 2835 0935, email drmohans@vsnl.net
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11 J McMillan-Price , P Petocz , F Atkinson , (2006) Comparison of 4 diets of varying glycemic load on weight loss and cardiovascular risk reduction in overweight and obese young adults. Arch Intern Med 166, 14661475.

13 J Salmerón , A Ascherio , EB Rimm , (1997) Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men. Diabetes Care 20, 545550.

19 V Mohan , PS Sharp & HR Cloke (1986) Serum immunoreactive insulin responses to glucose load in Asian Indian and European type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients and control subjects. Diabetologia 29, 235237.

29 TM Wolever , HH Vorster , I Bjorck , (2003) Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 475482.

33 G Radhika , A Ganesan , RM Sathya , (2009) Dietary carbohydrates, glycemic load and serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations among South Indian adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 63, 413420.

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British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
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