Skip to main content

Geographic distribution and conservation status of the bay cat Catopuma badia, a Bornean endemic

  • J. Mohd-Azlan and Jim Sanderson (a1)

Despite being one of the rarest felids in the world the Endangered Bornean bay cat Catopuma badia has received little conservation attention. Most information consists of historical records, morphological descriptions, and anecdotes from various sources. During 2003–2006 we undertook surveys using camera trapping, interviews and field observations, to determine the species’ distribution and document any threats to its persistence. We also examined museum specimens and completed a thorough literature review, collecting 15 additional geographic records throughout Borneo. Our results show that opportunistic hunting and land use changes are the main threats to the bay cat, and we make recommendations for its conservation.

Corresponding author
*Department of Zoology, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, University Sarawak Malaysia, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia. E-mail
Hide All
Augeri D.M. (2003) Conservation of the Malayan Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) in Indonesia: Mitigating Potential Bear/Human Conflicts and Disturbance Effects on Sun Bear Ecology and Landscape Use. Tentative Final Report, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Azlan M.J. (2005) Distribution of the Bornean bay cat Catapuma badia in Sarawak. In Wallace in Sarawak - 150 Years Later. An International Conference on Biogeography and Biodiversity (eds Tuen A.A. & Das I.), pp. 198201. Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, University Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia.
Azlan M.J., Lading E. & Munau (2003) Bornean bay cat photographs and sightings. Cat News, 39, 2.
Azlan M.J. & Sharma D.S.K. (2006) The diversity and activity patterns of wild felids in a secondary forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Oryx, 40, 3641.
Bricknell S. (2003) Bay cat sightings in Central Kalimantan. Cat News, 39, 3.
CITES (2007) The CITES Appendices. Http:// [accessed 23 May 2007].
Dinets V. (2003) First photo of a bay cat in the wild? Cat News, 38, 14.
Gray J.E. (1874) Description of a new species of cat (Felis badia) from Sarawak. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 10, 322323.
Grinang J. & Kalu M. (2004) A Female Bay Cat (Carnivora: Felidae) Recorded from Kampung Bungan in Mulu, Miri Division, Sarawak. Unpublished Report, Sarawak Biodiversity Centre, Kuching, Malaysia.
Hearn A.J. (2003) Bay cat sightings in West Kalimantan. Cat News, 39, 3.
IUCN (2006) 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland [, accessed 30 April 2007].
Kitchener A.C., Yasuma M., Andau M. & Quillen P. (2004) Three bay cats (Catopuma badia) from Borneo. Mammalian Biology, 69, 349353.
Meijaard E., Boby Bayu Prakoso & Azis (2005) New record for the Bornean bay cat (Catopuma badia). Cat News, 43, 23.
Nowell K. & Jackson P. (1996) Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Sunquist M. & Sunquist F. (2002) Wild Cats of the World. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
Yasuma S. & Andau M. (2000) Mammals of Sabah, Part 2: Habitat and Ecology. Japan International Cooperation Agency & Sabah Wildlife Department, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 46 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 205 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.