Agudo, A, Slimani, N, Ocke, MC, Naska, A, Miller, AB, Kroke, A et al. (2002) Consumption of vegetable, fruit and other plant foods in the EPIC cohorts from ten European countries. Public Health Nutrition 5 1179–1196.
Alberts, DS, Martinez, ME, Roe, DJ, Guillen-Rodriguez, JM, Marshall, JR, van Leeuwen, JB et al. (2000) Lack of effect of a high fibre cereal supplement on the recurrence of colorectal adenomas New England Journal of Medicine 342 1156–1162.
Bingham, S (1990) Mechanisms and experimental evidence relating dietary fibre and starch to protection against large bowel cancer. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 49 153–171.
Bingham, SA, Day, NE, Luben, R, Ferrari, P, Slimani, N, Norat, T et al. (2003) Dietary fibre in food and protection against colorectal cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): an observational study Lancet 361 1496–1501.
Bingham, SA, Norat, T, Moskal, A, Ferrari, P, Slimani, N, Clavel-Chapelon, F et al. (2005) Is the association with fibre from foods in colorectal cancer confounded by folate intake? Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 14 1552–1556.
Boffa, LC, Luption, JR, Mariani, MR, Ceppi, M, Newmark, H, Scalmati, A, Lipkin, M (1992) Modulation of colonic cell proliferation, histone acetylation and luminal short chain fatty acids by variation of dietary fibre (wheat bran) in rats. Cancer Research 52 5906–5912.
Bonithon-Kopp, C, Kronborg, O, Giacosa, A, Rath, U, Faivre, J (2000) Calcium and fibre supplementation in prevention of colorectal adenoma recurrence: a randomised intervention trial. Lancet 356 1300–1306.
Chai, F, Evdoukiou, A, Young, GP, Zalewski, PD (2000) Involvement of p21 and its cleavage by DEVD-caspase during apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells induced by butyrate. Carcinogenesis 21 7–14.
Day, NE, McKeown, N, Wong, MY, Welch, A, Bingham, S (2001) Epidemiological assessment of diet: a comparison of a 7-day diary with a food frequency questionnaire using urinary markers of nitrogen, potassium and sodium. International Journal of Epidemiology 30 309–317.
Department of Health (1998) Nutritional Aspects of the Development of Cancer. Report on Health and Social Subjects no. 48. London: H. M. Stationery Office.
Domon-Dell, C, Wang, Q, Kim, S, Kedinger, M, Evers, BM, Freund, JN (2002) Stimulation of the intestinal Cdx2 homeobox gene by butyrate in colon cancer cells. Gut 50 525–529.
Fuchs, CS, Giovannucci, E, Colditz, GA, Hunter, DJ, Stampfer, MJ, Rosner, B, Speizer, FE, Willett, WC (1999) Dietary fibre and the risk of colorectal cancer and adenoma in women. New England Journal of Medicine 340 169–176.
Key, TJ, Fraser, GE, Thorogood, M, Appleby, PN, Beral, V, Reeves, G et al. (1998) Mortality in vegetarians and non-vegetarians: a collaborative analysis of 8300 deaths among 76,000 men and women in five prospective studies. Public Health Nutrition 1 33–41.
Kim, YI (2004) Folate and DNA methylation: A mechanistic link between folate deficiency and colorectal cancer? Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 13 511–519.
Kipnis, V, Midthune, D, Freedman, LS, Bingham, S, Schatzkin, A, Subar, A, Carroll, R (2001) Empirical evidence of correlated biases in dietary assessment instruments and its implications. American Journal of Epidemiology 153 394–403.
Little, J, Sharp, L, Duthie, S & Narayanan, S (2003) Colon cancer and genetic variation in folate metabolism: The clinical bottom line. Journal of Nutrition 133, Suppl. 3758S– 3766S.
Michels, KB, Fuchs, CS, Giovannucci, E, Colditz, GA, Hunter, DJ, Stampfer, MJ, Willett, WC (2005) Fibre intake and incidence of colorectal cancer among 76,947 women and 47,279 men. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 14 842–849.
Norat, N, Bingham, S, Ferrari, P, Slimani, N, Jenab, M, Mazuir, M et al. (2005) Meat and fish consumption, and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 97 906–916.
Papas, MA, Giovannucci, E, Platz, E (2004) Fiber from fruit and colorectal neoplasia. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 13 1267–1270.
Pietinen, P, Malila, N, Virtanen, M, Hartman, T, Tangrea, J, Albanes, D, Virtamo, J (1999) Diet and risk of colorectal cancer in a cohort of Finnish men. Cancer Causes and Control 10 387–396.
Riboli, E, Hunt, KJ, Slimani, N, Ferrari, P, Norat, T, Fahey, M et al. (2002) EPIC: study populations and data collection. Public Health Nutrition 5 1113–1124.
Riboli, E & Kaaks, R (1997) The EPIC project: Rationale and study design. International Journal of Epidemiology 26, Suppl. 1 S6–S14.
Sanjoaquin, MA, Allen, N, Couto, E, Roddam, AW, Key, TJ (2005) Folate intake and colorectal cancer risk: A meta-analytical approach. International Journal of Cancer 113 825–828.
Schatzkin, A & Kipnis, V (2004) Could exposure assessment problems give us wrong answers to nutrition and cancer questions? Journal of the National Cancer Institute 96 1564–1565.
Schatzkin, A, Lanza, E, Corle, D, Lance, P, Iber, F, Caan, B et al. (2000) Lack of effect of low fat high fibre diet on the recurrence of colorectal adenomas. New England Journal of Medicine 342 1149–1155.
Slimani, N, Kaaks, R, Ferrari, P, Casagrande, C, Clavel-Chapelon, F, Lotze, G et al. (2002) EPIC Calibration Study: Rationale, design and population characteristics. Public Health Nutrition 5 1125–1146.
Terry, P, Giovannucci, E, Michels, KB, Bergkvist, L, Hansen, H, Holmberg, L, Wolk, A (2001) Fruit, vegetables, dietary fibre, and risk of colorectal cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 93 525–533.
Wirfalt, E, McTaggart, A, Pala, V, Gullberg, B, Frasca, G, Panico, S et al. (2002) Food sources of carbohydrates in a European cohort of adults. Public Health Nutrition 5 1197–1216.
World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (1997) Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. Washington, DC: AICR.