Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Gender Bias in Student Evaluations

  • Kristina M. W. Mitchell (a1) and Jonathan Martin (a2)
Abstract

Many universities use student evaluations of teachers (SETs) as part of consideration for tenure, compensation, and other employment decisions. However, in doing so, they may be engaging in discriminatory practices against female academics. This study further explores the relationship between gender and SETs described by MacNell, Driscoll, and Hunt (2015) by using both content analysis in student-evaluation comments and quantitative analysis of students’ ordinal scoring of their instructors. The authors show that the language students use in evaluations regarding male professors is significantly different than language used in evaluating female professors. They also show that a male instructor administering an identical online course as a female instructor receives higher ordinal scores in teaching evaluations, even when questions are not instructor-specific. Findings suggest that the relationship between gender and teaching evaluations may indicate that the use of evaluations in employment decisions is discriminatory against women.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Gender Bias in Student Evaluations
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Gender Bias in Student Evaluations
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Gender Bias in Student Evaluations
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Basow, Susan A., and Silberg, Nancy T.. 1987. “Student Evaluations of College Professors: Are Female and Male Professors Rated Differently?” Journal of Educational Psychology 79 (3): 308–14.
Bennett, Sheila K. 1982. “Student Perceptions of and Expectations for Male and Female Instructors: Evidence Relating to the Question of Gender Bias in Teaching Evaluation.” Journal of Educational Psychology 74 (2): 170–9.
Boring, Anne. 2017. “Gender Biases in Student Evaluations of Teaching.” Journal of Public Economics 145 (January): 2741.
Bray, James H., and Howard, George S.. 1980. “Interaction of Teacher and Student Sex and Sex Role Orientations and Student Evaluations of College Instruction.” Contemporary Educational Psychology 5: 241–8.
Curtis, John W. 2011. “Persistent Inequity: Gender and Academic Employment.” Report from the American Association of University Professors. Available at www.aaup.org/NR/rdonlyres/08E023ABE6D8-4DBD-99A0-24E5EB73A760/0/persistent_inequity.pdf.
Heilman, Madeline E., and Okimoto, Tyler G.. 2007. “Why Are Women Penalized for Success at Male Tasks? The Implied Communality Deficit.” Journal of Applied Psychology 92 (1): 8192.
MacNell, Lillian, Driscoll, Adam, and Hunt, Andrea N.. 2015. “What’s in a Name: Exposing Gender Bias in Student Ratings of Teaching.” Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy Volume 0: Article 53.
Martin, Lisa. 2016. “Gender, Teaching Evaluations, and Professional Success in Political Science.” PS: Political Science & Politics 49 (2): 313–19.
Miller, JoAnn, and Chamberlin, Marilyn. 2000. “Women Are Teachers, Men Are Professors: A Study of Student Perceptions.” Teaching Sociology 28 (4): 283–98.
Rosen, Andrew S. 2017. “Correlations, Trends, and Potential Biases among Publicly Accessible Web-Based Student Evaluations of Teaching.” Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education January: 114.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

PS: Political Science & Politics
  • ISSN: 1049-0965
  • EISSN: 1537-5935
  • URL: /core/journals/ps-political-science-and-politics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Mitchell and Martin supplementary material
Appendix

 PDF (117 KB)
117 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 7760
Total number of PDF views: 6462 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 25338 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 6th March 2018 - 19th September 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.