Skip to main content
×
Home

Criterion-related validity of the last 7-day, short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in Swedish adults

  • Ulf Ekelund (a1) (a2), Hanna Sepp (a3), Sören Brage (a1), Wulf Becker (a3), Rupert Jakes (a1), Mark Hennings (a4) and Nicholas J Wareham (a1)...
Abstract
AbstractObjective

To examine the validity of the short, last 7-day, self-administered form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ).

Design

All subjects wore an accelerometer for seven consecutive days and completed the IPAQ questionnaire on the eighth day. Criterion validity was assessed by linear regression analysis and by modified Bland–Altman analysis. Specificity and sensitivity were calculated for classifying respondents according to the physical activity guidelines of the American College of Sports Medicine/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Setting

Workplaces in Uppsala, Sweden.

Subjects

One hundred and eighty-five (87 males) participants, aged 20 to 69 years.

Results

Total self-reported physical activity (PA) (MET-min day−1) was significantly correlated with average intensity of activity (counts min−1) from accelerometry (r=0.34, P<0.001). Gender, age, education and body mass index did not affect this relationship. Further, subcomponents of self-reported PA (time spent sitting, time in PA, time in moderate and vigorous activity (MVPA)) were significantly correlated with objectively measured PA (P<0.05). Self-reported time in PA was significantly different from time measured by accelerometry (mean difference: −25.9 min day−1; 95% limits of agreement: −172 to 120 min day−1; P<0.001). IPAQ identified 77% (specificity) of those who met the current PA guidelines of accumulating more than 30 min day−1 in MVPA as determined by accelerometry, whereas only 45% (sensitivity) of those not meeting the guidelines were classified correctly.

Conclusions

Our results indicate that the short, last 7-days version of the IPAQ has acceptable criterion validity for use in Swedish adults. However, the IPAQ instrument significantly overestimated self-reported time spent in PA. The specificity to correctly classify people achieving current PA guidelines was acceptable, whereas the sensitivity was low.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Criterion-related validity of the last 7-day, short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in Swedish adults
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Criterion-related validity of the last 7-day, short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in Swedish adults
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Criterion-related validity of the last 7-day, short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in Swedish adults
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email Ulf.Ekelund@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk
References
Hide All
1Caspersen CJ, Powell K, Christenson G. Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public Health Reports 1985; 100: 126–31.
2Kriska AM, Caspersen CJ. A collection of physical activity questionnaires for health-related research. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1997; 29: S5–9.
3Wareham NJ, Rennie K. The assessment of physical activity in individuals and populations: why try to be more precise about how physical activity is assessed?. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 1998; 22: S30–8.
4Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjöström M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2003; 35: 1381–95.
5Pate RR, Pratt M, Blair S, Haskell WL, Macera CA, Bouchard C, et al. Physical activity and public health. A recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. Journal of the American Medical Association 1995; 273: 402–7.
6Tryon W, Williams R. Fully proportional actigraphy: a new instrument. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers 1996; 28: 392403.
7Brage S, Wedderkopp N, Franks PW, Andersen LB, Froberg K. Reexamination of validity and reliability of the CSA monitor in walking and running. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2003; 35: 1447–54.
8Freedson P, Melanson E, Sirard J. Calibration of the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. accelerometer. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1998; 30: 777–81.
9Hendelman D, Miller K, Baggett C, Debold E, Freedson P. Validity of accelerometry for the assessment of moderate intensity physical activity in the field. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2000; 32: S442–9.
10Trost S, Ward D, Moorehead S, Watson P, Riner W, Burke J. Validity of the Computer Science and Applications (CSA) activity monitor in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1998; 30: 629–33.
11Ekelund U, Tingström P, Kamwendo K, Krantz M, Nylander E, Sjöström M, et al. The validity of the Computer Science and Applications activity monitor for use in coronary artery disease patients during level walking. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 2002; 22: 248–53.
12Ekelund U, Sjöström M, Yngve A, Poortvliet E, Nilsson A, Froberg K, et al. Physical activity assessed by activity monitor and doubly labeled water in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2001; 33: 275–81.
13Ekelund U, Åman J, Westerterp K. Is the ArteACC index a valid indicator of free-living physical activity in adolescents?. Obesity Research 2003; 11: 793801.
14Leenders NY, Sherman WM, Nagaraja HN, Kien CL. Evaluation of methods to assess physical activity in free-living conditions. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2001; 33: 1233–40.
15Ekelund U, Yngve A, Sjöström M, Westerterp K. Field evaluation of the Computer Science and Application's Inc. activity monitor during running and skating training in adolescent athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine 2000; 21: 586–92.
16Ekelund U, Aman J, Yngve A, Renman C, Westerterp K, Sjöstrom M. Physical activity but not energy expenditure is reduced in obese adolescents: a case–control study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2002; 76: 935–41.
17Bland JM, Altman DG. Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet 1986; 1(8476): 307–10.
18Sundquist K, Qvist J, Johansson SE, Sundquist J. Increasing trends of obesity in Sweden between 1996/97 and 2000/01. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2004; 28: 254–61.
19Wareham NJ, Jakes RW, Rennie KL, Mitchell J, Hennings S, Day NE. Validity and repeatability of the EPIC–Norfolk Physical Activity Questionnaire. International Journal of Epidemiology 2002; 31: 168–74.
20Jacobs DR Jr, Ainsworth BE, Hartman TJ, Leon AS. A simultaneous evaluation of 10 commonly used physical activity questionnaires. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1993; 25: 8191.
21Chasan-Taber L, Erickson JB, Nasca PC, Chasan-Taber S, Freedson PS. Validity and reproducibility of a physical activity questionnaire in women. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2002; 34: 987–92.
22Aadahl M, Jorgensen T. Validation of a new self-report instrument for measuring physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2003; 35: 1196–202.
23Norman A, Bellocco R, Bergström A, Wolk A. Validity and reproducibility of self-reported total physical activity – differences by relative weight. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2001; 25: 682–8.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 424 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1019 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.