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Dietary intake in the early years and its relationship to BMI in a bi-ethnic group: the Born in Bradford 1000 study

  • Samuel Mahoney (a1), Maria Bryant (a2), Pinki Sahota (a3) and Stuart Barber (a1)



To assess relationships between dietary intake at age 12, 18 and 36 months and BMI Z-scores at age 36 months in a bi-ethnic group.


A prospective cohort study comparing cross-sectional and longitudinal data. Exposures included dietary intake at 12, 18 and 36 months (FFQ) with an outcome of BMI Z-score at age 36 months.


Born in Bradford 1000 study, Bradford, UK.


Infants at age 12 months (n 722; 44 % White British, 56 % Pakistani), 18 months (n 779; 44 % White British, 56 % Pakistani) and 36 months (n 845; 45 % White British, 55 % Pakistani).


Diet at age 12 months was not associated with BMI Z-score at age 36 months. Higher consumption of vegetables at 18 and 36 months was associated with a lower BMI Z-score at 36 months (model coefficient (95 % CI): −0·20 (−0·36, −0·03) and −0·16 (−0·31, −0·02), respectively). Higher consumption of high-fat chips at age 36 months was associated with a lower BMI Z-score at age 36 months (−0·16 (−0·32, 0·00)). Overall, White British children had higher 36-month BMI Z-scores than Pakistani children (adjusted mean difference (95 % CI): 0·21 (0·02, 0·41)).


Our findings indicate that dietary intake at 18 and 36 months was somewhat related to BMI Z-score at age 36 months and suggest the importance of early interventions aimed at establishing healthy eating behaviours.

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Dietary intake in the early years and its relationship to BMI in a bi-ethnic group: the Born in Bradford 1000 study

  • Samuel Mahoney (a1), Maria Bryant (a2), Pinki Sahota (a3) and Stuart Barber (a1)


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