1Hibbeln, J. Fish consumption and major depression. Lancet 1998; 351: 1213.
2Peet, M, Murphy, B, Shay, J, Horrobin, D. Depletion of omega-3 fatty acid levels in red blood cell membranes of depressive patients. Biol. Psychiat. 1998; 43: 315–9.
3Edwards, R, Peet, M, Shay, J, Horrobin, D. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels in the diet and in red blood cell membranes of depressed patients. J. Affect. Disord. 1998; 48: 149–55.
4Stoll, AL, Severus, WE, Freeman, MP, et al. ω 3 fatty acids in bipolar disorder: a preliminary double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 1999; 56: 407–12.
5Cross-National Collaborative Group. The changing rate of major depression. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 1992; 268: 3098–150.
6Klerman, GL, Weissman, MM. Increasing rates of depression. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 1989; 261: 2229–35.
7Taylor, TG, Gibney, MJ, Morgan, JB. Homeostatic function and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Lancet 1979; 2: 1378.
8Eaton, MD, Konner, M. Paleolithic nutrition: a consideration of its nature and current implications. N. Engl. J. Med. 1985; 312: 283–9.
9Leaf, A, Weber, PC. A new era for science in nutrition. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1987; 45: 1048–53.
10Budowski, P. ω3-Fatty acids in health and disease. World Rev. Nutr. Diet. 1988; 57: 214–74.
11Booth-Kewley, S, Friedman, HS. Psychological predictors of heart disease: a quantitative review. Psychol. Bull. 1987; 101: 343–62.
12Ministry of Health. Taking the Pulse: The 1996/97 New Zealand Health Survey. Wellington: Ministry of Health, 1999.
13Quigley, R, Watts, C. Food Comes First: Methodologies for the National Nutrition Survey of New Zealand. Wellington: Ministry of Health, 1997.
14Ware, JE, Sherbourne, CD. The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Med. Care 1992; 30: 473–83.
15Sullivan, M, Karlson, J, Ware, J. The Swedish SF-36 health survey. I. Evaluation of data quality, scaling assumptions, reliability and construct validity across general populations in Sweden. Soc. Sci. Med. 1995; 42: 1349–58.
16Ware, JE, Kosinski, M, Gandek, B, et al. The factor structure of the SF-36 health survey in 10 countries: results from the IQOLA project. J. Clin. Epidemiol. 1998; 51: 1159–65.
17Scott, KM, Tobias, M, Sarfati, D, Haslett, SJ. SF-36 Health Survey reliability validity and norms for New Zealand. Aust. NZ J. Public Health 1999; 23: 401–6.
18Ware, JE, Kosinski, M, Keller, SD. SF-36 Physical and Mental Health Summary Scales: A User's Manual. Boston, MA: The Health Institute, 1994.
19Simon, JA, Fong, J, Bernert, JT, Browner, WS. Relation of smoking and alcohol consumption to serum fatty acids. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1996; 144: 325–34.
20Pawlosky, RJ, Salem, N Jr. Alcohol consumption in rhesus monkeys depletes tissues of polyunsaturated fatty acids and alters essential fatty acid metabolism. Alcohol Clin. Exp. Res. 1999; 23: 311–7.
21Salem, N, Niebylski, C. The nervous system has an absolute requirement for proper function. Mol. Membr. Biol. 1995; 12: 131–4.
22Litman, BJ, Mitchell, DC. A role for phospholipid polyunsaturation in modulating membrane protein function. Lipids 1996; 31: S193–7.
23Slater, SJ, Kelly, MB, Yeager, MD, et al. Polyunsaturation in cell membranes and lipid bilayers and its effects on membrane proteins. Lipids 1996; 31: S189–92.
24Witt, MR, Westh-Hansen, SE, Rasmussen, PB, et al. Unsaturated free fatty acids increase benzodiqazepine receptor against binding depending on the subunit composition of GABA(A) receptor complex. J. Neurochem. 1996; 67: 2141–5.
25Ware, JE, Snow, KK, Kosinski, M, Gandek, B. SF-36 Health Survey. Manual and Interpretation Guide. Boston, MA: The Health Institute, 1993.
26Kazis, LE, Anderson, JJ, Meenan, RF. Effect sizes for interpreting changes in health status. Med. Care 1989; 27: S178–89.
27Russell, DG, Parnell, WR, Wilson, NC. Nutrition trends in New Zealand. New Zealand Public Health Rep. 1999; 6: 65–8.
28Conner, WE, Neuringer, M, Lin, DS. Dietary effects on brain fatty acid composition: the reversibility of ω-3 fatty acid deficiency and turnover of docosahexaenoic acid in the brain, erythrocytes, and plasma of rhesus monkeys. J. Lipid Res. 1990; 31(2): 237–47.
29Ascherio, A, Rimm, EB, Stampfer, MJ, et al. Dietary intake of marine ω-3 fatty acids, fish intake, and the risk of coronary disease among men. N. Engl. J. Med. 1995; 332: 977–82.
30Willett, WC. Epidemiologic studies of diet and cancer. Prog. Clin. Biol. Res. 1990; 346: 159–68.