This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1.SL Gortmaker , BA Swinburn , D Levy et al. (2011) Changing the future of obesity: science, policy, and action. Lancet 378, 838–847.
2.CL Ogden , MD Carroll , BK Kit et al. (2012) Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999–2010. JAMA 307, 483–490.
3.GK Singh , MD Kogan , PC Van Dyck et al. (2008) Racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and behavioral determinants of childhood and adolescent obesity in the United States: analyzing independent and joint associations. Ann Epidemiol 18, 682–695.
4.JA Skelton , SR Cook , P Auinger et al. (2009) Prevalence and trends of severe obesity among US children and adolescents. Acad Pediatr 9, 322–329.
5.BA Swinburn , G Sacks , KD Hall et al. (2011) The global obesity pandemic: shaped by global drivers and local environments. Lancet 378, 804–814.
6.AM Craigie , AA Lake , SA Kelly et al. (2011) Tracking of obesity-related behaviours from childhood to adulthood: a systematic review. Maturitas 70, 266–284.
7.SE Walker , MJ Gurka , MN Oliver et al. (2010) Racial/ethnic discrepancies in the metabolic syndrome begin in childhood and persist after adjustment for environmental factors. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 22, 141–148.
8.LA Moreno & G Rodriguez (2007) Dietary risk factors for development of childhood obesity. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 10, 336–341.
9.JF Dorgan , L Liu , BA Barton et al. (2011) Adolescent diet and metabolic syndrome in young women: results of the Dietary Intervention Study in Children (DISC) follow-up study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 96, E1999–E2008.
10.JA Mennella , P Ziegler , R Briefel et al. (2006) Feeding infants and toddlers study: the types of foods fed to Hispanic infants and toddlers. J Am Diet Assoc 106, S96–S106.
14.LA Lytle , JH Himes , H Feldman et al. (2002) Nutrient intake over time in a multi-ethnic sample of youth. Public Health Nutr 5, 319–328.
16.B Xie , FD Gilliland , YF Li et al. (2003) Effects of ethnicity, family income, and education on dietary intake among adolescents. Prev Med 36, 30–40.
18.I Ohlund , O Hernell , A Hornell et al. (2010) BMI at 4 years of age is associated with previous and current protein intake and with paternal BMI. Eur J Clin Nutr 64, 138–145.
19.C Batis , L Hernandez-Barrera , S Barquera et al. (2011) Food acculturation drives dietary differences among Mexicans, Mexican Americans, and Non-Hispanic Whites. J Nutr 141, 1898–1906.
20.JM Dave , AE Evans , RP Saunders et al. (2009) Associations among food insecurity, acculturation, demographic factors, and fruit and vegetable intake at home in Hispanic children. J Am Diet Assoc 109, 697–701.
21.MC Desilets , M Rivard , B Shatenstein et al. (2007) Dietary transition stages based on eating patterns and diet quality among Haitians of Montreal, Canada. Public Health Nutr 10, 454–463.
23.LA Francis , SM Hofer & LL Birch (2001) Predictors of maternal child-feeding style: maternal and child characteristics. Appetite 37, 231–243.
24.A Macfarlane , D Crawford & A Worsley (2010) Associations between parental concern for adolescent weight and the home food environment and dietary intake. J Nutr Educ Behav 42, 152–160.
25.MW Gillman , JW Rich-Edwards , SL Rifas-Shiman et al. (2004) Maternal age and other predictors of newborn blood pressure. J Pediatr 144, 240–245.
26.MW Gillman (1996) Enjoy your fruits and vegetables. BMJ 313, 765–766.
27.CC Johnston Jr, JZ Miller , CW Slemenda et al. (1992) Calcium supplementation and increases in bone mineral density in children. N Engl J Med 327, 82–87.
28.K Oh , FB Hu , JE Manson et al. (2005) Dietary fat intake and risk of coronary heart disease in women: 20 years of follow-up of the Nurses’ Health Study. Am J Epidemiol 161, 672–679.
29.BM Posner , JL Cobb , AJ Belanger et al. (1991) Dietary lipid predictors of coronary heart disease in men. The Framingham Study. Arch Intern Med 151, 1181–1187.
30.J Salmeron , JE Manson , MJ Stampfer et al. (1997) Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women. JAMA 277, 472–477.
31.WC Willett (1994) Diet and health: what should we eat? Science 264, 532–537.
32.RE Blum , EK Wei , HR Rockett et al. (1999) Validation of a food frequency questionnaire in Native American and Caucasian children 1 to 5 years of age. Matern Child Health J 3, 167–172.
33.FB Hu , MJ Stampfer , JE Manson et al. (1997) Dietary fat intake and the risk of coronary heart disease in women. N Engl J Med 337, 1491–1499.
35.WN Venables & BD Ripley (2002) Modern Applied Statistics with S, 4th ed. New York: Springer.
37.BA Dennison , HL Rockwell & MJ Nichols (2001) Use of low-fat milk by children in the New York State WIC varies with parental characteristics. J Am Diet Assoc 101, 464–466.
38.CE O'Neil , TA Nicklas , Y Liu et al. (2009) Impact of dairy and sweetened beverage consumption on diet and weight of a multiethnic population of head start mothers. J Am Diet Assoc 109, 874–882.
39.TL LaRowe , SM Moeller & AK Adams (2007) Beverage patterns, diet quality, and body mass index of US preschool and school-aged children. J Am Diet Assoc 107, 1124–1133.
40.A Vyas (2003) Nutrient intakes of an adult Pakistani, European and African-Caribbean community in inner city Britain. J Hum Nutr Diet 16, 327–337.
41.PB Crawford , E Obarzanek , GB Schreiber et al. (1995) The effects of race, household income, and parental education on nutrient intakes of 9- and 10-year-old girls. NHLBI Growth and Health Study. Ann Epidemiol 5, 360–368.
42.K North & P Emmett (2000) Multivariate analysis of diet among three-year-old children and associations with socio-demographic characteristics. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ALSPAC) Study Team. Eur J Clin Nutr 54, 73–80.
43.SD Schefske , AC Bellows , C Byrd-Bredbenner et al. (2010) Nutrient analysis of varying socioeconomic status home food environments in New Jersey. Appetite 54, 384–389.
44.K Elfhag & F Rasmussen (2008) Food consumption, eating behaviour and self-esteem among single v. married and cohabiting mothers and their 12-year-old children. Public Health Nutr 11, 934–939.
45.H Delisle (2010) Findings on dietary patterns in different groups of African origin undergoing nutrition transition. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35, 224–228.
46.J Satia-Abouta , RE Patterson , ML Neuhouser et al. (2002) Dietary acculturation: applications to nutrition research and dietetics. J Am Diet Assoc 102, 1105–1118.
47.P Gordon-Larsen , KM Harris , DS Ward et al. (2003) Acculturation and overweight-related behaviors among Hispanic immigrants to the US: the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Soc Sci Med 57, 2023–2234.
49.T Mellin-Olsen & M Wandel (2005) Changes in food habits among Pakistani immigrant women in Oslo, Norway. Ethn Health 10, 311–339.
50.KW Dammann , C Smith & R Richards (2011) Low-income minority and homeless mothers’ perceptions of their 9–13 year-old children's weight status, diet, and health. Matern Child Health J 15, 106–114.
51.B Dixon , MM Pena & EM Taveras (2012) Lifecourse approach to racial/ethnic disparities in childhood obesity. Adv Nutr 3, 73–82.
52.L Killion , SO Hughes , JC Wendt et al. (2006) Minority mothers’ perceptions of children's body size. Int J Pediatr Obes 1, 96–102.