1Randall, E. Measuring food use in school-aged children. J. School Health 1991; 61: 201–3.
2 Consensus workshop on dietary assessment: nutrition monitoring and tracking the year 2000 objectives. US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 1993.
3Nicklas, TA. Dietary studies of children and young adults (1973–1988): the Bogalusa Heart Study. Am. J. Med. Sci. 1995; 310(Suppl. 1): S101–8.
4Kimm, SYS, Gergen, PJ, Malloy, M, Dresser, C, Carroll, M. Dietary patterns of U.S. children: implications for disease prevention. Prev. Med. 1990; 19: 432–42.
5Nicklas, TA, Farris, RP, Srinivasan, SR, Webber, LS, Berenson, GS. Nutritional studies in children and implications for change: the Bogalusa Heart Study. J. Adv. Med. 1989; 2: 451–74.
6Farris, R, Nicklas, T. Characterizing children's eating behavior. In: Suskind, R, Suskind, L, eds. Textbook of Pediatric Nutrition, 2nd edn.New York: Raven Press, 1993: 505–16.
7Luepker, RV, Perry, CL, McKinlay, SM, et al. Outcome of a field trial to improve children's dietary patterns and physical activity. JAMA 1996; 275: 768–76.
8Merzenich, HBoeing, H, Wahrendorf, J. Dietary fat and sports activity as determinants of menarche. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1993; 138: 217–24.
9Field, AE, Wolf, AM, Herzog, DB, Cheung, LColditz, GA. The relationship of caloric intake to frequency of dieting among preadolescent and adolescent girls. J. Am. Acad. Child. Adolesc. Psychiatry 1993; 32: 1246–52.
10Rockett, HRH, Wolf, AM, Colditz, GA. Development and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire to assess diets of older children and adolescents. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1995; 95: 336–40.
11Rockett, HR, Colditz, GA. Assessing diets of children and adolescents. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1997; 65: S1116–22.
12US Department of Agriculture. Composition of Foods. Agriculture Handbooks Nos. 8–1 to 8–21. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture, 1976–92.
13Paul, AA, Southgate, DAT. McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods, 4th edn.London: HMSO, 1976.
14Holland, B, Welch, AA, Unwin, ID, Buss, DH, Paul, AA, Southgate, DAT. McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods, 5th edn.Cambridge, UK: Royal Chemical Society and Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 1991.
15Willett, WC, Sampson, L, Stampfer, MJ, et al. Reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1985; 122: 51–65.
16 Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota. Minnesota Nutrition Data System (NDS) v. 2.0. Minneapolis: University of, Minnesota, 1993.
17Havas, S, Heimendinger, J, Reynolds, K, et al. 5 a Day for Better Health: a new research initiative. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1994; 94: 32–6.
18Smith, SA, Campbell, DR, Elmer, PJ, Martini, MC, Slavin, J, Potter, JD. The University of Minnesota Cancer Prevention Research Unit vegetable and fruit classification scheme. Cancer Causes Control 1995; 6: 292–302.
19Rosner, B, Willett, WC. Interval estimates for correlation coefficients corrected for within-person variation: implications for study design and hypothesis testing. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1988; 127: 377–86.
20SAS Institute. SAS User's Guide: Statistics, 5th edn.Cary, NC: SAS Institute, 1980.
21US Public Health Service. Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives. DHHS Publication No. PHS 91–50212. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, 1991.
22Domel, SB, Baranowski, T, Davis, H, Leonard, SB, Riley, P, Baranowski, J. Fruit and vegetable food frequencies by fourth and fifth grade students: validity and reproducibility. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 1994; 13: 33–9.
23Knuiman, JT, Rasanen, L, Ahola, M, West, CE, van der Snoek, L. The relative validity of reports of food intake of Dutch and Finnish boys aged 8 and 9 years. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1987; 87: 303–7.
24Baranowski, T, Domel, SB. A cognitive model of children's reporting food intake. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1994; 59(Suppl.): S212–17.
25Flavell, JH, Miller, PH, Miller, SA. Cognitive Development, 3rd edn.Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1993.
26Krebs-Smith, SM, Cook, A, Subar, A, Cleveland, L, Friday, J. US adults' fruit and vegetable intakes, 1989 to 1991: a revised baseline for the Healthy People 2000 objective. Am. J. Public Health 1995; 85: 1623–9.
27Nelson, M, Black, AE, Morris, JA, Cole, TJ. Between- and within-subject variation in nutrient intake from infancy to old age: estimating the number of days required to rank dietary intakes with desired precision. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1989; 50: 155–67.
28Rockett, HRH, Breitenbach, M, Frazier, AL, et al. Validation of a youth/adolescent food frequency questionnaire. Prev. Med. 1997; 26: 808–16.
29Crockett, EG, Clancy, KL, Bowering, J. Comparing the cost of a thrifty food plan market basket in three areas of New York state. J. Nutr. Educ. 1992; 24: S72–9.
30Smith, PK, Hoerr, SL. A comparison of current food bank users, non-users, and past users in populations of low income single mothers. J. Nutr. Educ. 1992; 24: S59–66.
31 Anon. Improving federal efforts to assess hunger and food insecurity. Fam. Econ. Nutr. Rev. 1996; 9: 56–7.
32Jenner, DA, Neylon, K, Croft, S, Beilin, LJ. Vandongen, R. A comparison of methods of dietary assessment in Australian children aged 11–12 years. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1989; 43: 663–73.