Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

How images make world politics: International icons and the case of Abu Ghraib

Abstract
Abstract

This article introduces international icons to the field of International Relations. International icons are freestanding images that are widely circulated, recognised, and emotionally responded to. International icons come in the form of foreign policy icons familiar to a specific domestic audience, regional icons, and global icons. Icons do not speak foreign policy in and of themselves rather their meaning is constituted in discourse. Images rise to the status of international icons in part through images that appropriate the icon itself, either in full or through inserting parts of the icon into new images. Appropriations might be used and read as critical interventions into foreign policy debates, but such readings should themselves be subjected to analysis. A three-tier analytical and methodological framework for studying international icons is presented and applied in a case study of the hooded prisoner widely claimed to be emblematic of the Abu Ghraib prison scandal.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

David D. Perlmutter , ‘Photojournalism and Foreign Affairs’, Orbis, 49:1 (2005), pp. 109–22, 121

Dora Apel , ‘Torture Culture: Lynching Photographs and the Images of Abu Ghraib’, Art Journal, 64:2 (2005), pp. 88100, 100

Cornelia Brink , ‘Secular Icons: Looking at Photographs from Nazi Concentration Camps’, History & Memory, 12:1 (2000), pp. 135–50

Kari Andén-Papodopoulos , ‘The Abu Ghraib Torture Photographs: News Frames, Visual Culture, and the Power of Images’, Journalism, 9:5 (2008), pp. 530

Eamonn Carrabine , ‘Images of Torture: Culture, Politics and Power’, Crime, Media, Culture, 7:1 (2011), pp. 530

W. Lance Bennett , Regina G. Lawrence , and Steven Livingston , ‘None Dare Call It Torture: Indexing and the Limits of Press Independence in the Abu Ghraib Scandal’, Journal of Communication, 56:3 (2006), pp. 467–85

Douglas V. Porpora , Alexander Nikolaev , and Julia Hagemann , ‘Abuse, Torture, Frames, and the Washington Post’, Journal of Communication, 60:2 (2010), pp. 254–70

David Campbell , ‘Atrocity, Memory, Photography: Imaging the Concentration Camps of Bosnia – the Case of ITN Versus Living Marxism, Part 1’, Journal of Human Rights, 1:1 (2002), pp. 133

Mette Mortensen , ‘When Citizen Photojournalism Sets the News Agenda: Neda Agda Soltan as a Web 2.0 Icon of Post-Election Unrest in Iran’, Global Media and Communication, 7:1 (2011), pp. 416

Jeffrey C. Alexander , Dominik Bartmanski , and Bernhard Giesen (eds), Iconic Power: Materiality and Meaning in Social Life (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)

Heck and Schlag , ‘Securitizing Images: The Female Body and the War in Afghanistan’, European Journal of International Relations, 19:4 (2013), pp. 891913

Michael C. Williams , ‘Words, Images, Enemies: Securitization and International Politics’, International Studies Quarterly, 47:4 (2006), pp. 511–31, 527

Frank Möller , ‘Photographic Interventions in Post-9/11 Security Policy’, Security Dialogue, 38:2 (2007), pp. 179–96

Juha Vuori , ‘A Timely Prophet? The Doomsday Clock as a Visualization of Securitization Moves with a Global Referent Object’, Security Dialogue, 41:3 (2010), pp. 255–77

Debbie Lisle , ‘The Surprising Detritus of Leisure: Encountering the Late Photography of War’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 29:5 (2011), pp. 873–90

Roland Bleiker and Amy Kay , ‘Representing HIV/AIDS in Africa: Pluralist Photography and Local Empowerment’, International Studies Quarterly, 51:1 (2007), pp. 139–63, 157

Klaus Dodds , ‘Steve Bell's Eye: Cartoons, Geopolitics and the Visualization of the “War on Terror”’, Security Dialogue, 38:2 (2007), pp. 157–77, 174

Lene Hansen , ‘Theorizing the Image for Security Studies: Visual Securitization and the Muhammad Cartoon Crisis’, European Journal of International Relations, 17:1 (2011), pp. 5174

David Craven , ‘Present Indicative Politics and Future Perfect Positions: Barack Obama and Third Text’, Third Text, 23:5 (2009), pp. 643–8, 644

Judith Butler , ‘Torture and the Ethics of Photography’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 25:6 (2007), pp. 951–66, 959

Hans Belting , ‘Body and Image’, in Jeffrey C. Alexander , Dominik Bartmanski , and Bernhard Giesen (eds), Iconic Power: Materiality and Meaning in Social Life (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), pp. 187202

Jeffrey C. Alexander , ‘Iconic Experience in Art and Life: Surface/Depth Beginning with Giacometti's Standing Woman’, Theory, Culture & Society, 25:5 (2008), pp. 119, 7

Barry Buzan and Ole Wæver , Regions and Powers: The Structure of International Security (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003)

Piers Robinson , ‘The CNN Effect Reconsidered: Mapping a Research Agenda For the Future’, Media, War & Conflict, 4:1 (2011), pp. 311, 9

Steven Livingston , ‘The CCN Effect Reconsidered (Again): Problematizing ICT and Global Governance in the CNN Effect Research Agenda’, Media, War & Conflict, 4:1 (2011), pp. 2036, 28

Janis L. Edwards and Carol K. Winkler , ‘Representative Form and the Visual Ideograph: The Iwo Jima Image in Editorial Cartoons’, Quarterly Journal of Speech, 83:3 (1997), pp. 289310

Elizabeth Dauphinée , ‘The Politics of the Body in Pain: Reading the Ethics of Imagery’, Security Dialogue, 38:2 (2007), pp. 139–55

David R. Conrad , ‘Ben Shahn as Aesthetic Educator’, Journal of Aesthetic Education, 15:2 (1981), pp. 7382, 77

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Review of International Studies
  • ISSN: 0260-2105
  • EISSN: 1469-9044
  • URL: /core/journals/review-of-international-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 20
Total number of PDF views: 344 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 880 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.