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Backwards is the way forward: Feedback in the cortical hierarchy predicts the expected future

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 May 2013

Lars Muckli
Affiliation:
Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, United Kingdom. Lars.Muckli@glasgow.ac.uklucyp@psy.gla.ac.ukFraser.Smith@glasgow.ac.ukhttp://muckli.psy.gla.ac.uk/
Lucy S. Petro
Affiliation:
Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, United Kingdom. Lars.Muckli@glasgow.ac.uklucyp@psy.gla.ac.ukFraser.Smith@glasgow.ac.ukhttp://muckli.psy.gla.ac.uk/
Fraser W. Smith
Affiliation:
Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, United Kingdom. Lars.Muckli@glasgow.ac.uklucyp@psy.gla.ac.ukFraser.Smith@glasgow.ac.ukhttp://muckli.psy.gla.ac.uk/

Abstract

Clark offers a powerful description of the brain as a prediction machine, which offers progress on two distinct levels. First, on an abstract conceptual level, it provides a unifying framework for perception, action, and cognition (including subdivisions such as attention, expectation, and imagination). Second, hierarchical prediction offers progress on a concrete descriptive level for testing and constraining conceptual elements and mechanisms of predictive coding models (estimation of predictions, prediction errors, and internal models).

Type
Open Peer Commentary
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013 

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Backwards is the way forward: Feedback in the cortical hierarchy predicts the expected future
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