Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

An evolutionary approach to accuracy in social perception

  • Anthony C. Little (a1)

Abstract

An evolutionary approach highlights that accuracy should be expected over error because selection pressures will have shaped social perception to be functional. Behaviour is extremely complex and so it is unlikely that observers will be perfectly accurate, but an evolutionary view strongly predicts that people will behave as rational observers and in many cases social perception should favour adaptive responses.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Albright, L., Kenny, D. A. & Malloy, T. E. (1988) Consensus in personality judgments at zero acquaintance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 55(3):387–95.
Apicella, C. L., Dreber, A., Campbell, B., Gray, P. B., Hoffman, M. & Little, A. C. (2008) Testosterone and financial risk preferences. Evolution and Human Behavior 29(6):384–90.
Bergman, T. J., Ho, L. & Beehner, J. C. (2009) Chest color and social status in male geladas (Theropithecus gelada). International Journal of Primatology 30(6):791806. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10764-009-9374-x
Bond, C. F., Berry, D. S. & Omar, A. (1994) The kernal of truth in judgements of deceptiveness. Basic and Applied Social Psychology 15:523–34.
Boothroyd, L. G., Jones, B. C., Burt, D. M., DeBruine, L. M. & Perrett, D. I. (2008) Facial correlates of sociosexuality. Evolution and Human Behavior 29(3):211–18. Available at: http:dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2007.12.009
Carre, J. M. & McCormick, C. M. (2008) In your face: Facial metrics predict aggressive behaviour in the laboratory and in varsity and professional hockey players. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 275(1651):2651–56.
Carre, J. M., McCormick, C. M. & Mondloch, C. J. (2009) Facial structure is a reliable cue of aggressive behavior. Psychological Science 20(10):1194–98.
Carre, J. M., Morrissey, M. D., Mondloch, C. J. & McCormick, C. M. (2010) Estimating aggression from emotionally neutral faces: Which facial cues are diagnostic? Perception 39(3):356–77. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/p6543
Dreber, A., Gerdes, C., Graensmark, P. & Little, A. C. (2013) Facial masculinity predicts risk and time preferences in expert chess players. Applied Economics Letters 20(16):1477–80. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13504851.2013.826861
Enquist, M. & Leimar, O. (1983) Evolution of fighting behaviour: Decision rules and assessment of relative strength. Journal of Theoretical Biology 102:387410.
Fink, B., Neave, N. & Seydel, H. (2007) Male facial appearance signals physical strength to women. American Journal of Human Biology 19(1):8287.
Gibson, J. J. (1979) The ecological approach to visual perception. Houghton Mifflin.
Gosling, L. M., Atkinson, N. W., Dunn, S. & Collins, S. A. (1996) The response of subordinate male mice to scent marks varies in relation to their own competitive ability. Animal Behaviour 52:1185–91. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0266
Gosling, S. D., Ko, S. J., Mannarelli, T. & Morris, M. E. (2002) A room with a cue: Personality judgments based on offices and bedrooms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 82(3):379–98.
Haselton, M. G. (2003) The sexual overperception bias: Evidence of a systematic bias in men from a survey of naturally occurring events. Journal of Research in Personality 37(1):3447.
Haselton, M. G. & Buss, D. M. (2000) Error management theory: A new perspective on biases in cross-sex mind reading. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 78(1):8191.
Hazlett, B. A. (1996) Assessments during shell exchanges by the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus: The complete negotiator. Animal Behaviour 51:567–73. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0060
Jussim, L. (2012) Social perception and social reality: Why accuracy dominates bias and self-fulfilling prophecy. Oxford University Press.
Kenny, D. A., Albright, L., Malloy, T. E. & Kashy, D. A. (1994) Consensus in interpersonal perception: Acquaintance and the big five. Psychological Bulletin 116:245–58.
Krebs, J. R. & Dawkins, R. (1984) Animal signals: Mind reading and manipulation. In: Behavioural ecology: An evolutionary approach, 2nd edition, ed. Krebs, J. R. & Davies, N. B., pp. 380402. Blackwell Scientific.
Lefevre, C. E., Lewis, G. J., Perrett, D. I. & Penke, L. (2013) Telling facial metrics: Facial width is associated with testosterone levels in men. Evolution and Human Behavior 34(4):273–79. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2013.03.005
Little, A. C., Jones, B. C., DeBruine, L. M. & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2013) Accuracy in discrimination of self-reported cooperators using static facial information. Personality and Individual Differences 54(4):507–12. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.10.018
Little, A. C., McPherson, J., Dennington, L. & Jones, B. C. (2011) Accuracy in assessment of self-reported stress and a measure of health from static facial information. Personality and Individual Differences 51(6):693–98. Available at: http:dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2011.06.010
Little, A. C. & Perrett, D. I. (2007) Using composite images to assess accuracy in personality attribution to faces. British Journal of Psychology 98:111–26.
Little, A. C., Trebicky, V., Havlicek, J., Roberts, S. C. & Kleisner, K. (2015) Human perception of fighting ability: Facial cues predict winners and losers in mixed martial arts fights. Behavioural Ecology 26:1470–75..
Mazur, A. & Booth, A. (1998) Testosterone and dominance in men. Behavioural and Brain Sciences 21:353–71.
Mileva, V. R., Cowan, M. L., Cobey, K. D., Knowles, K. K. & Little, A. C. (2014) In the face of dominance: Self-perceived and other-perceived dominance are positively associated with facial-width-to-height ratio in men. Personality and Individual Differences 69:115–18. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.05.019
Parker, G. A. (1974) Assessment strategy and evolution of fighting behavior. Journal of Theoretical Biology 47(1):223–43. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(74)90111-8
Passini, F. T. & Norman, W. T. (1966) A universal conception of personality structure? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 4:4449.
Penton-Voak, I. S. & Chen, J. Y. (2004) High salivary testosterone is linked to masculine male facial appearance in humans. Evolution and Human Behavior 25:229–41.
Perrett, D. I., Lee, K. J., Penton-Voak, I. S., Rowland, D. R., Yoshikawa, S., Burt, D. M., Henzi, S. P., Castles, D. L. & Akamatsu, S. (1998) Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness. Nature 394:884–87. Available at: http:dx.doi.org/10.1038/29772
Rule, N. O. & Ambady, N. (2010) Democrats and republicans can be differentiated from their faces. PLoS ONE 5(1):e8733. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008733
Tibbetts, E. A. & Dale, J. (2004) A socially enforced signal of quality in a paper wasp. Nature 432(7014):218–22. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02949
Trebicky, V., Havlicek, J., Roberts, S. C., Little, A. C. & Kleisner, K. (2013) Perceived aggressiveness predicts fighting performance in mixed-martial-arts fighters. Psychological Science 24(9):1664–72. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797613477117
Zebrowitz-McArthur, L. & Baron, R. M. (1983) Toward and ecological approach to social perception. Psychological Review 90:215–38.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed