Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Beyond disjoint brain networks: Overlapping networks for cognition and emotion

  • Luiz Pessoa (a1)

Abstract

It is taken for granted that the brain is composed of a set of networks. But what is a brain network? How should we characterize them? Adding to Anderson's (2014) persuasive anti-modular framework, I propose that (1) networks do not have a single, unique function; (2) networks are highly overlapping and not disjoint; and (3) tasks reconfigure networks found at rest.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anderson, M. L. (2014) After phrenology: Neural reuse and the interactive brain. MIT Press.
Bressler, S. L. & Menon, V. (2010) Large-scale brain networks in cognition: Emerging methods and principles. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14:277–90.
Buckner, R. L., Krienen, F. M. & Yeo, B. T. (2013) Opportunities and limitations of intrinsic functional connectivity MRI. Nature Neuroscience 16:832–37.
Cacioppo, J. T. & Tassinary, L. G. (1990) Inferring psychological significance from physiological signals. American Psychologist 45:1628.
Choi, J. M., Padmala, S. & Pessoa, L. (2012) Impact of state anxiety on the interaction between threat monitoring and cognition. NeuroImage 59:1912–23.
Cocchi, L., Zalesky, A., Fornito, A. & Mattingley, J. B. (2013) Dynamic cooperation and competition between brain systems during cognitive control. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17:493501.
Cole, M. W., Bassett, D. S., Power, J. D., Braver, T. S. & Petersen, S. E. (2014) Intrinsic and task-evoked network architectures of the human brain. Neuron 83:238–51.
Cole, M. W., Reynolds, J. R., Power, J. D., Repovs, G., Anticevic, A. & Braver, T. S. (2013) Multi-task connectivity reveals flexible hubs for adaptive task control. Nature Neuroscience 16(9):1348–55.
Damaraju, E., Huang, Y. M., Barrett, L. F. & Pessoa, L. (2009) Affective learning enhances activity and functional connectivity in early visual cortex. Neuropsychologia 47:2480–87.
Gavin, A.-C., Bösche, M., Krause, R., Grandi, P., Marzioch, M., Bauer, A., Schultz, J., Rick, J. M., Michon, A.-M. & Cruciat, C.-M. (2002) Functional organization of the yeast proteome by systematic analysis of protein complexes. Nature 415:141–47.
Hilgetag, C. C., O'Neill, M. A. & Young, M. P. (1996) Indeterminate organization of the visual system. Science 271:776–77.
Kinnison, J., Padmala, S., Choi, J. M. & Pessoa, L. (2012) Network analysis reveals increased integration during emotional and motivational processing. Journal of Neuroscience 32:8361–72.
Menon, V. & Uddin, L. Q. (2010) Saliency, switching, attention and control: A network model of insula function. Brain Structure and Function 214:655–67.
Mesulam, M. M. (1998) From sensation to cognition. Brain 121:1013–52.
Newman, M. (2010) Networks: An introduction. Oxford University Press.
Padmala, S. & Pessoa, L. (2011) Reward reduces conflict by enhancing attentional control and biasing visual cortical processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23:3419–32.
Palla, G., Derenyi, I., Farkas, I. & Vicsek, T. (2005) Uncovering the overlapping community structure of complex networks in nature and society. Nature 435:814–18.
Pessoa, L. (2009) How do emotion and motivation direct executive function? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13:160–66.
Pessoa, L. (2013) The cognitive-emotional brain: From interactions to integration. MIT Press.
Pessoa, L. (2014) Understanding brain networks and brain organization. Physics of Life Reviews 11:400–35.
Pessoa, L., McKenna, M., Gutierrez, E. & Ungerleider, L. G. (2002) Neural processing of emotional faces requires attention. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 99:11458–63.
Rissman, J., Gazzaley, A. & D'Esposito, M. (2004) Measuring functional connectivity during distinct stages of a cognitive task. NeuroImage 23:752–63.
Yeo, B. T., Krienen, F. M., Chee, M. W. & Buckner, R. L. (2014) Estimates of segregation and overlap of functional connectivity networks in the human cerebral cortex. NeuroImage 88:212–27.
Yeo, B. T., Krienen, F. M., Sepulcre, J., Sabuncu, M. R., Lashkari, D., Hollinshead, M., Roffman, J. L., Smoller, J. W., Zollei, L., Polimeni, J. R., Fischl, B., Liu, H. & Buckner, R. L. (2011) The organization of the human cerebral cortex estimated by intrinsic functional connectivity. Journal of Neurophysiology 106:1125–65.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed