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Group behavior in the military may provide a unique case

  • Rose McDermott (a1)
Abstract

The optimal functioning of male coalitionary behavior in a military context may run contrary to some of the arguments about the importance of individual differentiation in Baumeister et al. Incentives become institutionally inverted within military contexts. Because the history of combat exerted powerful and sustained selection pressures on male groups, individual identification can work against the successful completion of collective action problems surrounding in-group defense in military contexts.

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Bowles, S. (2009) Did warfare among ancestral hunter-gatherers affect the evolution of human social behaviors? Science 324(5932):1293–98.
MacCoun, R. J., Kier, E. & Belkin, A. (2006) Does social cohesion determine motivation in combat? An old question with an old answer. Armed Forces and Society 32(4):646–54.
McDonald, M. M., Navarrete, C. D. & Van Vugt, M. (2012) Evolution and the psychology of intergroup conflict: The male warrior hypothesis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 367(1589):670–79.
Wrangham, R. W. & Peterson, D. (1996) Demonic males: Apes and the origins of human violence. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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