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Holding replication studies to mainstream standards of evidence

  • Duane T. Wegener (a1) and Leandre R. Fabrigar (a2)


Replications can make theoretical contributions, but are unlikely to do so if their findings are open to multiple interpretations (especially violations of psychometric invariance). Thus, just as studies demonstrating novel effects are often expected to empirically evaluate competing explanations, replications should be held to similar standards. Unfortunately, this is rarely done, thereby undermining the value of replication research.



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Ebersole, C. R., Alaei, R., Atherton, O. E., Bernstein, M. J., Brown, M., Chartier, C. R., Chung, L. Y., Hermann, A. D., Joy-Gaba, J. A., Line, M. J., Rule, N. O., Sacco, D. F., Vaughn, L. A. & Nosek, B. A. (2017) Observe, hypothesize, test, repeat: Luttrell, Petty & Xu (2017) demonstrate good science. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 69:184–86.
Ebersole, C. R., Atherton, O. E., Belanger, A. L., Skulborstad, H. M., Allen, J. M., Banks, J. B., Baranski, E., Bernstein, M. J., Bofiglio, D. B. V., Boucher, L., Brown, E. R., Budima, N. I., Cairo, A. H., Capaldi, C. A., Chartier, C. R., Chung, J. M., Cicero, D. C., Coleman, J. A., Conway, J. G., Davis, W. E., Devos, T., Fletcher, M. M., German, K., Grahe, J. E., Hermann, A. D., Hicks, J. A., Honeycutt, N., Humphrey, B., Janus, M., Johnson, D. J., Joy-Gaba, J. A., Juzeler, H., Keres, A., Kinney, D., Kirschenbaum, J., Klein, R. A., Lucas, R. E., Lustgraff, C. J. N., Martin, D., Menon, M., Metzger, M., Moloney, J. M., Morse, P. J., Prislin, R., Razza, T., Re, D. E., Rule, N. O., Sacco, D. F., Sauerberger, K., Shrider, E., Shultz, M., Siesman, C., Sobocko, K., Sternglanz, R. W., Summerville, A., Tskhay, K. O., van Allen, Z., Vaughn, L. A., Walker, R. J., Weinberg, A., Wilson, J. P., Wirth, J. H., Wortman, J. & Nosek, B. A. (2016a) Many Labs 3: Evaluating participant pool quality across the academic semester via replication. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 67:6882. Available at:
Fabrigar, L. R. & Wegener, D. T. (2016) Conceptualizing and evaluating the replication of research results. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 66:6880.
Luttrell, A., Petty, R. E. & Xu, M. (2017) Replicating and fixing failed replications: The case of need for cognition and argument quality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 69:178–83.
Petty, R. E. & Cacioppo, J. T. (2016) Methodological choices have predictable consequences in replicating studies on motivation to think: Commentary on Ebersole et al. (2016). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 67:8687.
Stroebe, W. & Strack, F. (2014) The alleged crisis and the illusion of exact replication. Perspectives on Psychological Science 9:5971. Available at:


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