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The meaning of a claim is its reproducibility

  • Jan P. de Ruiter (a1)


A scientific claim is a generalization based on a reported statistically significant effect. The reproducibility of that claim is its scientific meaning. Anything not explicitly mentioned in a scientific claim as a limitation of the claim's scope means that it implicitly generalizes over these unmentioned aspects. Hence, so-called “conceptual” replications that differ in these unmentioned aspects from the original study are legitimate, and necessary to test the generalization implied by the original study's claim.



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Simpson, E. H. (1951) The Interpretation of interaction in contingency tables. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Methodological) 13(2):238–41.


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