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On the persistent gray area between teaching and punishment

  • Jennifer Jacquet (a1)


One of the challenges to a unifying framework for the study of teaching behavior will be to distinguish, if possible, between teaching by evaluative feedback and punishment.



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Fehr, E. & Gächter, S. (2002) Altruistic punishment in humans. Nature 415:137–40.
Gächter, S., Renner, E. & Sefton, M. (2008) The long-run benefits of punishment. Science 322:1510.
Henrich, J., McElreath, R., Barr, A., Ensminger, J., Barrett, C., Bolyanatz, A., Cardenas, J. C., Gurven, M., Gwako, E., Henrich, N., Lesorogol, C., Marlowe, F., Tracer, D. & Ziker, J. (2006) Costly punishment across human societies. Science 312:1767–70.
Jacquet, J., Hauert, C., Traulsen, A. & Milinski, M. (2011) Shame and honour drive cooperation. Biology Letters 7:899901.
Milinski, M. & Rockenback, B. (2012) On the interaction of the stick and the carrot in social dilemmas. Journal of Theoretical Biology 299:139–43.
Raihani, N. J., Thornton, A. & Bshary, R. (2012) Punishment and cooperation in nature. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27:288–95.
Thornton, A. & Raihani, N. (2008) The evolution of teaching. Animal Behaviour 75(6):1823–36. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.12.014
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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