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    Chrysanthi, Angeliki Berggren, Åsa Davies, Rosamund Earl, Graeme P. and Knibbe, Jarrod 2016. The Camera “at the Trowel’s Edge”: Personal Video Recording in Archaeological Research. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 238.

    Iliopoulos, Antonis and Garofoli, Duilio 2016. The material dimensions of cognition: Reexamining the nature and emergence of the human mind. Quaternary International, Vol. 405, p. 1.

    Radford, Luis 2014. On the role of representations and artefacts in knowing and learning. Educational Studies in Mathematics, Vol. 85, Issue. 3, p. 405.


Prosthetic gestures: How the tool shapes the mind

  • Lambros Malafouris (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 15 June 2012

I agree with Vaesen that it is a mistake to discard tool use as a hallmark of human cognition. I contend, nonetheless, that tools are not simply external markers of a distinctive human mental architecture. Rather, they actively and meaningfully participate in the process by which hominin brains and bodies make up their sapient minds.

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A. Clark (2008) Supersizing the mind: Embodiment, action, and cognitive extension. Oxford University Press.

C. Darwin (1871) The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. John Murray.

I. Davidson & W. C. McGrew (2005) Stone tools and the uniqueness of human culture. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 11:793817.

M. Hansell & G. D. Ruxton (2008) Setting tool use within the context of animal construction behaviour. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 23(2):7378. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2007.10.006

A. Iriki & O. Sakura (2008) The neuroscience of primate intellectual evolution: Natural selection and passive and intentional niche construction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 363:2229–41.

L. Malafouris (2010b) The brain-artefact interface (BAI): A challenge for archaeology and cultural neuroscience. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 5 (2–3):264–73 (10.1093/scan/nsp057).

D. C. Penn , K. Holyoak & D. J. Povinelli (2008) Darwin's mistake: Explaining the discontinuity between human and nonhuman minds. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31(2):109–78.

A. Seed & R. Byrne (2010) Animal tool-use. Current Biology 20:1032–39.

M. Tomasello , M. Carpenter , J. Call , T. Behne & H. Moll (2005) Understanding and sharing intentions: The origins of cultural cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28(5):675735.

M. Tomasello & E. Herrmann (2010) Ape and human cognition: What's the difference? Current Directions in Psychological Science 19:38.

M. Wheeler & A. Clark (2008) Culture, embodiment and genes: Unravelling the triple helix. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 363:3563–75.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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