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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Serino, Andrea 2016. Multisensory mechanisms underlying embodiment: Insights from and for spinal cord injury patients. Physics of Life Reviews, Vol. 16, p. 188.

    Galli, Giulia and Pazzaglia, Mariella 2015. Commentary on: “The body social: an enactive approach to the self“. A tool for merging bodily and social self in immobile individuals. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 6,

    Serino, Andrea Alsmith, Adrian Costantini, Marcello Mandrigin, Alisa Tajadura-Jimenez, Ana and Lopez, Christophe 2013. Bodily ownership and self-location: Components of bodily self-consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 22, Issue. 4, p. 1239.


Tool use induces complex and flexible plasticity of human body representations

  • Matthew R. Longo (a1) and Andrea Serino (a2) (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 15 June 2012

Plasticity of body representation fundamentally underpins human tool use. Recent studies have demonstrated remarkably complex plasticity of body representation in humans, showing that such plasticity (1) occurs flexibly across multiple time scales and (2) involves multiple body representations responding differently to tool use. Such findings reveal remarkable sophistication of body plasticity in humans, suggesting that Vaesen may overestimate the similarity of such mechanisms in humans and non-human primates.

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M. Bassolino , A. Serino , S. Ubaldi & E. Làdavas (2010) Everyday use of the computer mouse extends peripersonal space representation. Neuropsychologia 48:803–11.

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M. S. Graziano (1999) Where is my arm? The relative role of vision and proprioception in the neuronal representation of limb position. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 96:10418–21.

N. P. Holmes , G. A. Calvert & C. Spence (2007) Tool use changes multisensory interactions in seconds: Evidence from the crossmodal congruency task. Experimental Brain Research 183:465–76.

M. R. Longo & S. F. Lourenco (2006) On the nature of near space: Effects of tool use and the transition to far space. Neuropsychologia 44:977–81.

P. D. Marasco , K. Kim , J. E. Colgate , M. A. Peshkin & T. A. Kuiken (2011) Robotic touch shifts perception of embodiment to a prosthesis in targeted reinnervation amputees. Brain 134:747–58.

C. D. Murray (2004) An interpretative phenomenological analysis of the embodiment of artificial limbs. Disability and Rehabilitation 26:963–73.

M. M. Quallo , C. J. Price , K. Ueno , T. Asamizuya , K. Cheng , R. N. Lemon & A. Iriki (2009) Gray and white matter changes associated with tool-use learning in macaque monkeys. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106:18379–84.

A. Serino , M. Bassolino , A. Farnè & E. Làdavas (2007) Extended multisensory space in blind cane users. Psychological Science 18:642–48.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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