Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: July 2017

12 - The CO2 Cycle

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Atmosphere and Climate of Mars
  • Online ISBN: 9781139060172
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139060172
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Aharonson, O. (2004) Sublimation at the base of a seasonal CO2 slab on Mars, 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15–19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no. 1918.
Aharonson, O., Zuber, M. T., Smith, D. E., et al. (2004) Depth, distribution, and density of CO2 deposition on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 109, E05004, doi:10.1029/2003JE002223.
Antoniadi, E. M. (1930) The Planet Mars, Trans. Moore, Patrick, Devon, UK: Keith Reid Ltd., 1975.
Appéré, T., Schmitt, B., Langevin, Y., et al. (2011) Winter and spring evolution of northern seasonal deposits on Mars from OMEGA on Mars Express, J. Geophys. Res., 116, E5, E05001.
Baker, V. R. (1979) Erosional processes in channelized water flows on Mars, Journal of Geophysical Research, 84, 79857993.
Bandfield, J. L. and Feldman, W. C. (2008) Martian high latitude permafrost depth and surface cover thermal inertia distributions, J. Geophys. Res., 113, E08001.
Bandfield, J. L., Glotch, T. D., Christensen, P. R. (2003) Spectroscopic identification of carbonate minerals in the Martian dust, Science, 301, 5636, 10841087.
Banks, M. E., Byrne, S., Galla, K., et al. (2010) Crater population and resurfacing of the Martian north polar layered deposits, J. Geophys. Res., 115, E8, E08006.
Barker, E. S., Schorn, R. A., Woszczyk, A., et al. (1970) Mars: detection of atmospheric water vapor during the southern hemisphere spring and summer season, Science, 170, 3964, 13081310.
Bell, J. F., Wolff, M. J., Malin, M. C., et al. (2009) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mars Color Imager (MARCI): instrument description, calibration, and performance, J. Geophys. Res., 114, E8, CiteID E08S92.
Benson, J. L. and James, P. B. (2005) Yearly comparisons of the Martian polar caps: 1999–2003 Mars Orbiter Camera observations, Icarus, 174, 513523, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2004.08.025.
Benson, J., Kass, D. M., Kleinböhl, A., et al. (2010) Mars’ south polar hood as observed by the Mars Climate Sounder, J. Geophys. Res., 115, E12015, doi:10.1029/2009JE003554.
Benson, J. L., Kass, D. M., Kleinböhl, A. (2011) Mars’ north polar hood as observed by the Mars Climate Sounder, J. Geophys. Res., 116, E3, E03008.
Bertaux, J.-L., Fonteyn, D., Korablev, O., et al. (2000) The study of the Martian atmosphere from top to bottom with SPICAM light on Mars Express, Planetary and Space Science, 48, 12–14, 13031320.
Bibring, J.-P., Langevin, Y., Poulet, F., et al. (2004) Perennial water ice identified in the South polar cap of Mars, Nature, 428, 627–30.
Bibring, J.-P., Langevin, Y., Gendrin, A., et al. (2005) Mars surface diversity as revealed by the OMEGA/Mars Express observations, Science, 307, 15761581, doi:10.1126/science.1108806.
Blackburn, D. G., Bryson, K. L., Chevrier, V. F., et al. (2010) Sublimation kinetics of CO2 ice on Mars, Planetary and Space Science, 58(5), 780791. doi:10.1016/j.pss.2009.12.004
Blunck, J., (1977) Mars and Its Satellites: A Detailed Commentary on the Nomenclature, Exposition Press, Hicksville, N.Y.
Blunck, J., (1982) Mars and Its Satellites: A Detailed Commentary on the Nomenclature, 2nd edn., Exposition Press, Hicksville, NY.
Bonev, B. P., James, P. B., Bjorkman, J. E., and Wolff, M. J. (2002) Regression of the Mountains of Mitchel polar ice after the onset of a global dust storm on Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 21, 2017, doi:10.1029/2002GL015458.
Bonev, B. P., Hansen, G. B., Glenar, D. A., et al. (2008) Albedo models for the residual south polar cap on Mars: implications for the stability of the cap under near-perihelion global dust storm conditions, Planetary and Space Science, 56, 2, 181193.
Boynton, W. V., Feldman, W. C., Squyres, S. W., et al. (2002) Distribution of hydrogen in the near surface of Mars: evidence for subsurface ice deposits, Science, 297, 5578, 8185.
Boynton, W., Feldman, W., Mitrofanov, I., et al. (2004) The Mars Odyssey gamma-ray spectrometer instrument suite, Space Science Reviews, 110, 1, 3783.
Bridges, N. T., Ayoub, F., Avouac, J.-P., et al. (2012) Earth-like sand fluxes on Mars, Nature, 485, 7398, 339342.
Briggs, G. A. (1974) The nature of the residual Martian polar caps, Icarus, 23, 167191.
Brown, A. J., Calvin, W. M., McGuire, P. C., et al. (2010a) Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) south polar mapping: first Mars year of observations, J. Geophys. Res., 115, E00D13, doi:10.1029/2009JE003333.
Brown, A. J., Hook, S. J., Baldridge, A. M., et al. (2010b) Hydrothermal formation of clay–carbonate alteration assemblages in the Nili Fossae region of Mars, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 297, 174182.
Brown, A. J., Calvin, W. M., and Murchie, S. L. (2012) Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) north polar springtime recession mapping: first 3 Mars years of observations, J. Geophys. Res., 117, E00J20.
Brown, A. J., Michaels, T. I., Byrne, S., et al. (2014) The case for a modern multiwavelength, polarization-sensitive LIDAR in orbit around Mars, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 153, 131143.
Byrne, S. (2009) The polar deposits of Mars, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 37, 1, 535560.
Byrne, S. and Ingersoll, I. (2003) A Sublimation Model for Martian South Polar Ice Features, Science, 299, Issue 5609, 10511053.
Byrne, S., Zuber, M. T., and Neumann, G. A. (2008) Interannual and seasonal behavior of Martian residual ice-cap albedo, Planetary and Space Science, 56, 2, 194211.
Cabrol, N. A., Grin, E. A., Fike, D. (2002) Gusev Crater: a landing site for MER A, in 33rd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 11–15, Houston, Texas, abstract no. 1142.
Carr, M. H. (1979) Formation of Martian flood features by release of water from confined aquifers, Journal of Geophysical Research, 84, 29953007.
Carr, M. (1983) Stability of streams and lakes on Mars, Icarus, 56, 476495.
Chamberlain, T. E., Cole, H. L., Dutton, R. G., et al. (1976) Atmospheric measurements on Mars: the Viking meteorology experiment, American Meteorological Society Bulletin, 57, 10941104. doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1976)057.
Christensen, P. R., Anderson, D. L., Chase, S. C., et al. (1992) Thermal emission spectrometer experiment – Mars Observer mission, J. Geophys. Res., 97, E5, 77197734.
Christensen, P. R., Jakosky, B. M., Kieffer, H. H., et al. (2004) The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) for the Mars 2001 Odyssey Mission, Space Science Reviews, 110, 1, 85130.
Clancy, R. T., Sandor, B. J., Wolff, M. J., et al. (2000) An intercomparison of ground-based millimeter, MGS TES, and Viking atmospheric temperature measurements: seasonal and interannual variability of temperatures and dust loading in the global Mars atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 105, E4, 95539572.
Clancy, R. T., Sandor, B. J., Moriarty-Schieven, G. H. (2004) A measurement of the 362 GHz absorption line of Mars atmospheric H2O2, Icarus, 168, 1, 116121, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2003.12.003.
Clancy, R. T., Wolff, M. J., Whitney, B. A., et al. (2007) Mars equatorial mesospheric clouds: global occurrence and physical properties from Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer and Mars Orbiter Camera limb observations, J. Geophys. Res, 112, E4, CiteID E04004, doi:10.1029/2006JE002805.
Clifford, S. M., Yoshikawa, K., Byrne, S., et al. (2013) Introduction to the fifth Mars Polar Science special issue: key questions, needed observations, and recommended investigations, Icarus, 225, 2, 864868.
Colaprete, A. and Toon, O. B. (2002) Carbon dioxide snow storms during the polar night on Mars, J. Geophys. Res. (Planets), 107, E7, 5-15-16, doi:10.1029/2001JE001758.
Colaprete, A., Barnes, J. R., Haberle, R. M., et al. (2005) Albedo of the south pole on Mars determined by topographic forcing of atmosphere dynamics, Nature 435, 184–8.
Colaprete, A., Barnes, J. R., Haberle, R. M., and Montmessin, F. (2008) CO2 clouds, CAPE and convection on Mars: observations and general circulation modeling. Planetary and Space Science 56, 2, 150180.
Conrath, B., Curran, R., Hanel, R., et al. (1973) Atmospheric and surface properties of Mars obtained by infrared spectroscopy on Mariner 9, Journal of Geophysical Research, 78, 20, 42674278.
Cornwall, C. and Titus, T. N. (2009) Spatial and temporal distributions of Martian north polar cold spots before, during, and after the global dust storm of 2001, J. Geophys. Res., 114, E2, CiteID E02003.
Cornwall, C.; Titus, T. N. (2010) A comparison of Martian north and south polar cold spots and the long-term effects of the 2001 global dust storm, J. Geophys. Res., 115, E6, CiteID E06011.
Cull, S., Arvidson, R. E., Mellon, M., et al. (2010a) Seasonal H2O and CO2 ice cycles at the Mars Phoenix landing site: 1. Prelanding CRISM and HiRISE observations, J. Geophys. Res, 115, 1, CiteID E00D16.
Cull, S., Arvidson, R. E., Morris, R. V., et al. (2010b) Seasonal ice cycle at the Mars Phoenix landing site: 2. Postlanding CRISM and ground observations, J. Geophys. Res., 115, 1, E00E19.
Cushing, G. and Titus, T. (2008) MGS-TES thermal inertia study of the Arsia Mons caldera, J. Geophys. Res., 113, E6, E06006.
Davies, D. W.; Farmer, C. B.; Laporte, D. D. (1977) Behavior of volatiles in Mars’ polar areas – a model incorporating new experimental data, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 38153822.
de Villiers, S., Nermoen, A., Jamtveit, B., et al. (2012) Formation of Martian araneiforms by gas-driven erosion of granular material, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L13204, doi:10.1029/2012GL052226.
Diniega, S., Byrne, S., Bridges, N. T., et al. (2010) Seasonality of present-day Martian dune-gully activity, Geology, 38, 11, 10471050.
Diniega, S., Hansen, C. J., McElwaine, J. N., et al. (2013) A new dry hypothesis for the formation of Martian linear gullies, Icarus, 225, 1, 526537.
Ditteon, R. and Kieffer, H. H. (1979) Optical properties of solid CO2: application to Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 82948300, doi:10.1029/JB084iB14p08294.
Douté, S., Schmitt, B., Langevin, Y., Bibring, J.-P., et al. (2007) South pole of Mars: nature and composition of the icy terrains from Mars Express OMEGA observations, Planet. Space Sci., 55, 113133.
Dundas, C. M., McEwen, A. S., Diniega, S., et al. (2010) New and recent gully activity on Mars as seen by HiRISE, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, 7, CiteID L07202.
Durham, W. B., Kirby, S. H., and Stern, L. A. (1999) Steady-state flow of solid CO2: preliminary results, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 34933496.
Ehlmann, B. L., Mustard, J. F., Murchie, S. L., et al. (2008) Orbital identification of carbonate-bearing rocks on Mars, Science, 322, 18281832.
Ehlmann, B. L., Mustard, J. F., Murchie, S. L., et al. (2011) Subsurface water clay mineral formation during the early history of Mars, Nature, 479, 5360.
Eluszkiewicz, J., Moncet, J.-L., Shephard, M. W., et al. (2008) Atmospheric and surface retrievals in the Mars polar regions from the Thermal Emission Spectrometer measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 113, E10, E10010.
Fanale, F. P., and Salvail, J. R. (1994) Quasi-periodic atmosphere–regolith–cap CO2 redistribution in the Martian past, Icarus, 111, 2, 305316.
Feldman, W. C., Boynton, W. V., Tokar, R. L., et al. (2002) Global distribution of neutrons from Mars: results from Mars Odyssey, Science 297, 5578, 7578, doi:10.1126/science.1073541.
Feldman, W., Prettyman, T., Boynton, W., et al. (2003) CO2 frost cap thickness on Mars during northern winter and spring, J. Geophys. Res., 108, E9, 5103.
Feldman, W. C., Prettyman, T. H., Maurice, S., et al. (2004) Global distribution of near-surface hydrogen on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 109, E09006, doi:10.1029/2003JE002160.
Fenton, L. K., Geissler, P. E., and Haberle, R. M. (2007) Global warming and climate forcing by recent albedo changes on Mars, Nature, 446, 7136, 646649.
Fischbacher, G. E., Martin, L. J., and Baum, W. A. (1969) Martian Polar Cap Boundaries. Final Report A, Contract 951547, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA. Planetary Research Center, Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ.
Folkner, W. M., Yoder, C. F., Yuan, D. N., Standish, E. M., Preston, R. A. (1997) Interior structure and seasonal mass redistribution of Mars from radio tracking of Mars Pathfinder, Science, 278, 5344, 1749.
Forget, F. and Pollack, J. B. (1996) Thermal infrared observations of the condensing Martian polar caps: CO2 ice temperatures and radiative budget, J. Geophys. Res., 101, E7, 1686516880.
Forget, F., Hansen, G. B., Pollack, J. B. (1995) Low brightness temperatures of Martian polar caps: CO2 clouds or low surface emissivity? J. Geophys. Res., 100, E10, 2121921234.
Forget, F., Hourdin, F., and Talagrand, O. (1998) CO2 Snowfall on Mars: simulation with a general circulation model, Icarus, 131, 2, 302316.
Forget, F., Hourdin, F., Fournier, R., et al. (1999) Improved general circulation models of the Martian atmosphere from the surface to above 80 km, J. Geophys. Res., Planets, 104(E10), 2415524175.
Forget, F., Spiga, A., Dolla, B., et al. (2007) Remote sensing of surface pressure on Mars with the Mars Express/OMEGA spectrometer: 1. Retrieval method, J. Geophys. Res., 112, E8, E08S15.
Forget, F., Montmessin, F., Bertaux, J.-L., et al. (2009) The density and temperatures of the upper Martian atmosphere measured by stellar occultations with Mars Express SPICAM, J. Geophys. Res., 114, E01004 doi:10.1029/2008JE003086.
François, L. M., Walker, J. C. G., Kuhn, W. R. (1990) A numerical simulation of climate changes during the obliquity cycle on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 1476114778.
Geissler, P. E. (2005) Three decades of Martian surface changes, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E2, E02001.
Giuranna, M., Formisano, V., Grassi, D. and Maturilli, A. (2007a) Tracking the edge of the south seasonal polar cap of Mars, Planetary and Space Science, 55, 10, 13191327.
Giuranna, M., Hansen, G., Formisano, V., et al. (2007b) Spatial variability, composition and thickness of the seasonal north polar cap of Mars in mid-spring, Planetary and Space Science, 55, 13281345.
Giuranna, M., Grassi, D.; Formisano, V., et al. (2008) PFS/MEX observations of the condensing CO2 south polar cap of Mars, Icarus, 197, 386402.
Glandorf, D., Colaprete, A., Toon, O. B., and Tolbert, M. (2002) CO2 snow on Mars and early Earth, Icarus, 160, 6672.
Gomez-Elvira, J., Armiens, C., Castañer, L., et al. (2012) REMS: the environmental sensor suite for the Mars Science Laboratory Rover, Space Sci. Rev., 170, 583640, doi:10.1007/s11214-012-9921-1.
González-Galindo, F., Määttänen, A., Forget, F., and Spiga, A. (2011) The Martian mesosphere as revealed by CO2 cloud observations and General Circulation Modeling, Icarus, 216, 1022.
Guo, X., Lawson, W. G., Richardson, M. I., Toigo, A. (2009) Fitting the Viking Lander surface pressure cycle with a Mars General Circulation Model, J. Geophys. Res, 114, Issue E7, CiteID E07006.
Haas, W. H. (2003) Flashes on Mars observed in 1937 and some random remarks, J. Assoc. Lunar Planet. Observers, The Strolling Astronomer, 45, 4345.
Haberle, R. M. and Kahre, M. A. (2010) Detecting secular climate change on Mars, Mars, 5, 6875, doi:10.1555/mars.2010.0003.
Haberle, R. M., Pollack, J. B., Barnes, J. R., et al. (1993) Mars atmospheric dynamics as simulated by the NASA Ames General Circulation Model: 1. The zonal-mean circulation. J. Geophys. Res., Planets, 98, E2, 30933123.
Haberle, R. M., Murphy, J. R. and Schaeffer, J. (2003) Orbital change experiments with a Mars general circulation model, Icarus, 161, 1, 6689.
Haberle, R. M., Mattingly, B., and Titus, T. N. (2004) Reconciling different observations of the CO2 ice mass loading of the Martian north polar cap, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L05702.
Haberle, R. M., Forget, F., Colaprete, A., et al. (2008) The effect of ground ice on the Martian seasonal CO2 cycle, Planetary and Space Science, 56, 2, 251255.
Haberle, R. M., Kahre, M. A., Malin, M., and Thomas, P. C. (2009) The disappearing south residual cap on Mars: where is the CO2 going? in Third International Workshop on Mars Polar Energy Balance and the CO2 Cycle, July 21–24, Seattle, Washington. LPI Contribution No. 1494, 1920.
Hanel, R. A., Conrath, B. J., Hovis, W. A., et al. (1970) Infrared Spectroscopy Experiment for Mariner Mars 1971, Icarus, 12, 1, 4862.
Hanel, R., Conrath, B., Hovis, W., et al. (1972) Investigation of the Martian environment by infrared spectroscopy on Mariner 9, Icarus, 17, 423442.
Hansen, C. J., Thomas, N., Portyankina, G. et al. (2010) HiRISE observations of gas sublimation-driven activity in Mars’ southern polar regions: I. Erosion of the surface, Icarus, 205, 1, 283295.
Hansen, C. J., Bourke, M., Bridges, N. T., et al. (2011) Seasonal erosion and restoration of Mars’ northern polar dunes, Science, 331, 6017, 575.
Hansen, C. J., Byrne, S., Portyankina, G., et al. (2013) Observations of the northern seasonal polar cap on Mars: I. Spring sublimation activity and processes, Icarus, 225, 2, 881897.
Hansen, G. B. (1997) The infrared absorption spectrum of carbon dioxide ice from 1.8 to 333 micrometers, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 2156921587.
Hansen, G. B. (1999) Control of the radiative behavior of the Martian polar caps by surface CO2 ice: evidence from Mars Global Surveyor measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 1647116486.
Hansen, G. B. (2005) Ultraviolet to near-infrared absorption spectrum of carbon dioxide ice from 0.174 to 1.8 mm, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E11003, doi:10.1029/2005JE002531.
Hansen, G. B. (2013) An examination of Mars’ north seasonal polar cap using MGS: composition and infrared radiation balance, Icarus, 225, 869880.
Hansen, G. B., Giuranna, W., Formisano, V., et al. (2005) PFS-MEX observation of ices in the residual south polar cap of Mars, Planet. Space Sci., 53, 10891095.
Hayne, P. O., Paige, D. A., Schofield, J. T., et al. (2012) Carbon dioxide snow clouds on Mars: south polar winter observations by the Mars Climate Sounder, J. Geophys. Res., 117, E08014, doi:10.1029/2011JE004040.
Hayne, P. O., Paige, D. A., Heavens, N. G. (2014) The role of snowfall in forming the seasonal ice caps of Mars: models and constraints from the Mars Climate Sounder, Icarus, 231, 122130.
Head, J. W., Pratt, S. (2001) Extensive Hesperian-aged south polar ice sheet on Mars: evidence for massive melting and retreat, and lateral flow and ponding of meltwater, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, E6, 1227512300.
Head, J. W., Mustard, J. F., Kreslavsky, M. A., et al. (2003) Recent ice ages on Mars, Nature, 426, 6968, 797802.
Hecht, M. H. (2008) The texture of condensed CO2 on the Martian polar caps Planet. Space Sci., 56, 246250.
Herr, K. C. and Pimentel, G. C. (1969) Infrared absorptions near three microns recorded over the polar cap of Mars, Science, 166, 3904, 496499.
Herr, K. C., Forney, P. B., and Pimentel, G. C. (1972) Mariner Mars 1969 infrared spectrometer, Applied Optics, 11, 3, 493501.
Herschel, W. (1784) On the remarkable appearances at the polar regions of the planet Mars, the inclination of its axis, the position of its poles, and its spheroidical figure; With a few hints relating to its real diameter and atmosphere, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, 74, 233273.
Hess, S. L., Henry, R. M., Leovy, C. B., et al. (1977) Meteorological results from the surface of Mars – Viking 1 and 2, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 45594574.
Hess, S. L., Henry, R. M., and Tillman, J. E. (1979) The seasonal variation of atmospheric pressure on Mars as affected by the south polar cap, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 29232927.
Hinson, D. P., Flasar, F. M., Simpson, R. A., et al. (1999) Initial results from radio occultation measurements with Mars Global Surveyor, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 2699727012.
Hinson, D. P., Wilson, R. J., Smith, M. D. and Conrath, B. J. (2003) Stationary planetary waves in the atmosphere of Mars during southern winter, J. Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2002JE001949.
Houben, H., Haberle, R. M., Young, R. E., and Zent, A. P. (1997) Modeling the Martian seasonal water cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 90699084.
Hourdin, F., Van, P. L., Forget, F., and Talagrand, O. (1993) Meteorological variability and the annual surface pressure cycle on Mars, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 50, 21, 36253640. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050.
Hourdin, F., Forget, F., and Talagrand, O. (1995) The sensitivity of the Martian surface pressure and atmospheric mass budget to various parameters: a comparison between numerical simulations and Viking observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, E3, 55015523.
Hu, R., Cahoy, K., Zuber, M. T. (2012) Mars atmospheric CO2 condensation above the north and south poles as revealed by radio occultation, climate sounder, and laser ranging observations, J. Geophys. Res., 117, E7, CiteID E07002.
Hugenholtz, C. H. (2008) Frosted granular flow: a new hypothesis for mass wasting in Martian gullies, Icarus, 197, 6572.
Ivanov, A. B. (2002) Some aspects of the Martian climate in the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) investigation. Part I. Evolution of the polar residual ice caps. Part II. Polar night clouds. Part III. Interpretation of the MOLA reflectivity measurement in terms of the surface albedo and atmospheric opacity. PhD Thesis, California Institute of Technology, Source DAI-B 62/11.
Jakosky, B. (2008) The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) Mars Scout Mission, in Third International Workshop on The Mars Atmosphere: Modeling and Observations, held November 10–13, 2008 in Williamsburg, Virginia. LPI Contribution No. 1447, 9036.
Jakosky, B. M., and Barker, E. S. (1984) Comparison of ground-based and Viking Orbiter measurements of Martian water vapor–variability of the seasonal cycle, Icarus, 57, 322334.
Jakosky, B. M. and Haberle, R. M. (1990) Year-to-year instability of the Mars south polar cap, J. Geophys. Res: Solid Earth, 95, B2, 13591365.
James, P. B. and North, G. R. (1982) The seasonal CO2 cycle on Mars – an application of an energy balance climate model, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 1027110283.
James, P. B., Kieffer, H. H., and Paige, D. A. (1992) The seasonal cycle of carbon dioxide on Mars. In Mars (ed. Kieffer, H. H. et al.) University of Arizona Press, 934968.
James, P. B., Cantor, B. A., Malin, M. C., et al. (2000) The 1997 spring regression of the Martian south polar cap: Mars Orbiter Camera observations, Icarus, 144, 2, 410418.
James, P. B., Cantor, B. A., and Davis, S. (2001) Mars Orbiter Camera observations of the Martian south polar cap in 1999–2000, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, E10, 2363523652.
James, P. B., Bonev, B. P., and Wolff, M. J. (2005) Visible albedo of Mars’ south polar cap: 2003 HST observations, Icarus, 174, 2, 596599.
James, P. B., Thomas, P. C., Wolff, M. J., Bonev, B. P. (2007) MOC observations of four Mars year variations in the south polar residual cap of Mars, Icarus, 192, 2, 318326.
Jaumann, R., Neukum, G., Behnke, T., et al. (2007) The high-resolution stereo camera (HRSC) experiment on Mars Express: instrument aspects and experiment conduct from interplanetary cruise through the nominal mission, Planet. Space Sci., 55, 78.
Jian, J.-J., and Ip, W.-H. (2009) Seasonal patterns of condensation and sublimation cycles in the cryptic and non-cryptic regions of the south pole, Advances in Space Research, 43, 1, 138142.
Karlsson, N. B., Holt, J. W., and Hindmarsh, R. C. A. (2011) Testing for flow in the north polar layered deposits of Mars using radar stratigraphy and a simple 3D ice-flow model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, 24204.
Kass, D. M., and Yung, Y. L. (1995) Loss of atmosphere from Mars due to solar wind-induced sputtering, Science, 268, 5211, 697699.
Kelly, E. J. (2006) Seasonal polar carbon dioxide frost on Mars: spatiotemporal quantification of carbon dioxide utilizing 2001 Mars Odyssey gamma ray spectrometer data, PhD dissertation, University of Arizona, AAT 3206184. DAI-B 67/01.
Kelly, N., Boynton, W., Kerry, K., et al. (2006) Seasonal polar carbon dioxide frost on Mars: CO2 mass and columnar thickness distribution, J. Geophys. Res., 111(E3), E03S07.
Kieffer, H. H. (1979) Mars south polar spring and summer temperatures: a residual CO2 frost, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 8263–88.
Kieffer, H. H. (2000) Annual punctuated CO2 slab-ice and jets on Mars, International Conference on Mars Polar Science and Exploration, 93.
Kieffer, H. H. (2007) Cold jets in the Martian polar caps, J. Geophys. Res., 112, E08005, doi:10.1029/2006JE002816.
Kieffer, H. H., and Zent, A. P. (1992) Quasi-periodic climate change on Mars, in Mars (A93-27852 09-91), 11801218.
Kieffer, H. H. and Titus, T. (2001) TES mapping of Mars’ north seasonal cap, Icarus, 154, 162180.
Kieffer, H. H., Neugebauer, G., Munch, G., Chase, S. C., Jr., and Miner, E. (1972) Infrared Thermal Mapping Experiment: the Viking Mars Orbiter, Icarus, 16, 1, 4756.
Kieffer, H. H., Titus, T. N., Mullins, K. F., and Christensen, P. R. (2000) Mars south polar spring and summer behavior observed by TES: seasonal cap evolution controlled by frost grain size, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 96539699.
Kieffer, H. H., Christensen, P. R., and Titus, T. N. (2006) CO2 jets formed by sublimation beneath translucent slab ice in Mars’ seasonal south polar ice cap, Nature, 442, 793796.
Kolb, E. J. and Tanaka, K. L. (2006) Accumulation and erosion of south polar layered deposits in the Promethei Lingula region, Planum Australe, Mars, International Journal of Mars Science and Exploration, 2, 19.
Kolb, E. J., Tanaka, K. L., Greeley, R., et al. (2006) The residual ice cap of Planum Australe, Mars: new insights from the HRSC experiment, in 37th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 13–17, League City, Texas, Abstract No. 2408.
Konopliv, A. S., Asmar, S. W., Folkner, W. M., et al. (2011) Mars high resolution gravity fields from MRO, Mars seasonal gravity, and other dynamical parameters, Icarus, 211, 401428.
Koutnik, M., Byrne, S., and Murray, B. (2002) South polar layered deposits of Mars: the cratering record, J. Geophys. Res. (Planets), 107, 5100.
Kravchenko, Y. G., and Krupskii, I. N. (1986) Thermal conductivity of solid N2O and CO2, Sov. J. Low Temp. Phys., 12, 1, 4648.
Kreslavsky, M. A., and Head, J. W. (2005) Mars at very low obliquity: atmospheric collapse and the fate of volatiles, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, 12, L12202.
Kreslavsky, M. A., and Head, J. W. (2011) Carbon dioxide glaciers on Mars: products of recent low obliquity epochs (?), Icarus, 216, 1, 111115.
Kuroda, T., Medvedev, A. S., Kasaba, Y., and Hartogh, P. (2013) Carbon dioxide ice clouds, snowfalls, and baroclinic waves in the northern winter polar atmosphere of Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 8, 14841488, doi:10.1002/grl.50326.
Langevin, Y., Poulet, F., Bibring, J.-P., et al. (2005) Summer evolution of the north polar cap of Mars as observed by OMEGA/Mars Express, Science, 307, 15811583.
Langevin, Y., Douté, S., Vincendon, M., et al. (2006) No signature of clear CO2 ice from the “cryptic” regions in Mars’ south seasonal cap, Nature, 442, 790792.
Langevin, Y., Bibring, J.-P., Montmessin, F., et al. (2007) Observations of the south seasonal cap of Mars during recession in 2004–2006 by the OMEGA visible/near-infrared imaging spectrometer on board Mars Express, J. Geophys. Res., 112, E08S12, doi:10.1029/2006JE002841.
Laskar, J., Correia, A. C. M., Gastineau, M., Joutel, F., Levrard, B., Robutel, P. (2004) Long term evolution and chaotic diffusion of the insolation quantities of Mars, Icarus, 170, 2, 343364.
Laufer, D., Bar-Nun, A., Pat-El, I., and Jacovi, R. (2013) Experimental studies of ice grain ejection by massive gas flow from ice and implications to Comets, Triton and Mars, Icarus, 222, 2013, 7380.
Leblanc, F., and Johnson, R. E. (2001) Sputtering of the Martian atmosphere by solar wind pick-up ions, Planetary and Space Science, 49, 6, 645656.
Leblanc, F., and Johnson, R. E. (2002) Role of molecular species in pickup ion sputtering of the Martian atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets), 107, E2, 51, doi:10.1029/2000JE001473.
Leighton, R. B., and Murray, B. C. (1966) Behavior of carbon dioxide and other volatiles on Mars, Science, 153, 3732, 136144.
Leighton, R. B., Horowitz, N. H., Murray, B. C., et al. (1969) Mariner 6 and 7 television pictures: preliminary analysis, Science, 166, 3901, 4967.
Lian, Y., Richardson, M. I., Newman, C. E., et al. (2012) The Ashima/MIT Mars GCM and argon in the Martian atmosphere, Icarus, 218, 2, 10431070.
Line, M. R., and Ingersoll, A. P. (2010) Can the solid state greenhouse effect produce ~100 year cycles in the Mars south polar residual CO2 ice cap? American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2010, abstract #P53F-07.
Listowski, C., Määttänen, A., Riipinen, I., Montmessin, F., and Lefèvre, F. (2013) Near-pure vapor condensation in the Martian atmosphere: CO2 ice crystal growth, J. Geophys. Res. (Planets), 118, 21532171, doi:10.1002/jgre.20149.
Listowski, C., Määttänen, A., Montmessin, F., Spiga, A., and Lefèvre, F., (2014) Modeling the microphysics of CO2 ice clouds within wave-induced cold pockets in the Martian mesosphere, Icarus, 237, 239261.
Litvak, M., Mitrofanov, I., Kozyrev, A., et al. (2005) Modeling of Martian seasonal caps from HEND/ODYSSEY data, Advances in Space Research, 36, 11, 21562161.
Litvak, M., Mitrofanov, I., Kozyrev, A., et al. (2006) Comparison between polar regions of Mars from HEND/Odyssey data, Icarus, 180, 1, 2337.
Määttänen, A., Vehkamäki, H., Lauri, A., et al. (2005) Nucleation studies in the Martian atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res. (Planets), 110, E02002, doi:10.1029/2004JE002308.
Määttänen, A., Vehkamäki, H., Lauri, A., Napari, I., Kulmala, M., 2007. Two-component heterogeneous nucleation kinetics and an application to Mars, Journal of Chemical Physics, 127, 134710. doi:10.1063/1.2770737.
Mahaffy, P. R., Webster, C. R., Atreya, S. K., et al. (2013) Abundance and Isotopic Composition of Gases in the Martian Atmosphere from the Curiosity Rover, Science, 341, 6143, 263266.
Malin, M. C., and Edgett, K. S. (2001) Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera: interplanetary cruise through primary mission, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, E10, 2342923570.
Malin, M. C., Carr, M. H., Danielson, G. E., et al. (1998) Early views of the Martian surface from the Mars Orbiter Camera of Mars Global Surveyor, Science, 279, 5357, 1681.
Malin, M. C., Calvin, W., Clancy, R. T., et al. (2001a) The Mars Color Imager (MARCI) on the Mars Climate Orbiter, J. Geophys. Res., 106, E8, 1765117672.
Malin, M. C., Caplinger, M. A., and Davis, S. D. (2001b) Observational evidence for an active surface reservoir of solid carbon dioxide on Mars, Science, 294, 5549, 21462148.
Malin, M. C., Bell, J. F., Cantor, B. A., et al. (2007) Context Camera Investigation on board the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, J. Geophys. Res., 112, E5, CiteID E05S04.
Manning, C. V., McKay, C. P., and Zahnle, K. J. (2006) Thick and thin models of the evolution of carbon dioxide on Mars, Icarus, 180, 1, 3859.
Maurice, S., Feldman, W., Diez, B., et al. (2011) Mars Odyssey neutron data: 1. Data processing and models of water-equivalent-hydrogen distribution, J. Geophys. Res., 116, E11, E11008.
McCleese, D. J., Schofield, J. T., Taylor, F. W., et al. (2007) Mars Climate Sounder: an investigation of thermal and water vapor structure, dust and condensate distributions in the atmosphere, and energy balance of the polar regions, J. Geophys. Res., 112, E5, E05S06.
McCleese, D. J., Schofield, J. T., Taylor, F. W., et al. (2008) Intense polar temperature inversion in the middle atmosphere on Mars, Nature Geoscience, 1, 11, 745749.
McEwen, A. S., Eliason, E. M., Bergstrom, J. W., et al. (2007) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter’s High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), J. Geophys. Res., 112, E5, E05S02.
Mellon, M. T. (1996) Limits on the CO2 content of the Martian polar deposits, Icarus, 124, 1, 268279.
Mellon, M. T. and Jakosky, B. M. (1995) The distribution and behavior of Martian ground ice during past and present epochs, J. Geophys. Res., 100, E6, 1178111799.
Mellon, M. T., Feldman, W. C., and Prettyman, T. H. (2004) The presence and stability of ground ice in the southern hemisphere of Mars, Icarus, 169, 2, 324340.
Michaels, T. I. and Rafkin, S. C. R. (2008) Meteorological predictions for candidate 2007 Phoenix Mars Lander sites using the Mars Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (MRAMS), J. Geophys. Res., 113, E00A07, doi:10.1029/2007JE003013.
Michalski, J.R. and Niles, P.B. (2010) Deep crustal carbonate rocks exposed by meteoritic impact on Mars, Nature Geoscience, 3, 751755.
Mischna, M. A., Richardson, M. I., Wilson, R. J., and McCleese, D. J. (2003) On the orbital forcing of Martian water and CO2 cycles: a general circulation model study with simplified volatile schemes, J. Geophys. Res., 108, E6, CiteID 5062, doi:10.1029/2003JE002051.
Mitrofanov, I., Anfimov, D., Kozyrev, A., et al. (2002) Maps of subsurface hydrogen from the High Energy Neutron Detector, Mars Odyssey, Science, 297, 5578, 7881.
Montmessin, F., Bertaux, J. L., Quemerais, E., et al. (2006) Subvisible CO2 ice clouds detected in the mesosphere of Mars, Icarus, 183, 403410.
Montmessin, F., Haberle, R. M., Forget, F., et al. (2007) On the origin of perennial water ice at the south pole of Mars: a precession-controlled mechanism? J. Geophys. Res. (Planets), 112, 8.
Mullins, J. C., Kirk, B. S., and Ziegler, W. T. (1963) Calculations of the vapor pressure and heats of vaporization and sublimation of liquids and solids, especially below one atmosphere. V. Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. Tech Rep. No. 2, Project A-663, Engineering Experiment Station, Georgia Inst. of Tech., August.
Murphy, J. R., Pollack, J. B., Haberle, R. M., et al. (1995) Three-dimensional numerical simulation of Martian global dust storms. J. Geophys. Res., 100, E12, 2635726376.
Nelli, S. M., Murphy, J. R., Sprague, A. L., et al. (2007) Dissecting the polar dichotomy of the non-condensable gas enhancement on Mars using the NASA Ames Mars General Circulation Model. J. Geophys. Res.: Planets, 112(E8).
Neugebauer, G., Münch, G., Chase, S. C., Jr., et al. (1969) Mariner 1969: preliminary results of the Infrared Radiometer Experiment, Science, 166, 3901, 9899.
Neugebauer, G., Münch, G., Kieffer, H., Chase, S. C., Jr., and Miner, E. (1971) Mariner 1969 Infrared Radiometer results: temperatures and thermal properties of the Martian surface, Astronomical Journal, 76, 719.
Neumann, G. A., Smith, D. E. and Zuber, M. T. (2003) Two Mars years of clouds detected by Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter, J. Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2002JE001849.
Newman, C. E., Lewis, S. R. and Read, P. L. (2005) The atmospheric circulation and dust activity in different orbital epochs on Mars, Icarus, 174, 135160.
Nye, J., Durham, W. B., Schenk, P. M., and Moore, J. M. (2000) The instability of a south polar cap on Mars composed of carbon dioxide, Icarus, 144, 2, 449455.
Ortega, I. K., Määttänen, A., Kurtén, T., Vehkamäki, H. (2011) Carbon dioxide–water clusters in the atmosphere of Mars, Computational and Theoretical Chemistry, 965, 353358.
Owen, T., Biemann, K., Rushneck, D., et al. (1977) The composition of the atmosphere at the surface of Mars. J. Geophys. Res., 82, 28, 46354639.
Paige, D. A. (1985) The annual heat balance of the Martian polar caps from Viking observations, Ph.D. dissertation, California Institute of Technology.
Paige, D. A., and Ingersoll, A. P. (1985) Annual heat-balance of Martian polar caps: Viking observations, Science, 228, 11601168.
Paige, D. A., and Wood, S. E. (1992) Modeling the Martian seasonal CO2 cycle 2. Interannual variability, Icarus, 99, 1, 1527.
Phillips, R. J., Zuber, M. T., Smrekar, S. E., et al. (2008) Mars north polar deposits: stratigraphy, age, and geodynamical response, Science, 320, 1182.
Phillips, R. J., Davis, B. J., Tanaka, K. L., et al. (2011) Massive CO2 ice deposits sequestered in the south polar layered deposits of Mars, Science, 332, 6031, 838.
Pilorget, C., Forget, F., Millour, E., et al. (2011) Dark spots and cold jets in the polar regions of Mars: new clues from a thermal model of surface CO2 ice, Icarus, 213, 131149.
Piqueux, S., and Christensen, P. R. (2008a) North and south subice gas flow and venting of the seasonal caps of Mars: a major geomorphological agent, J. Geophys. Res., 113, E6, E06005.
Piqueux, S., and Christensen, P. R. (2008b) Deposition of CO2 and erosion of the Martian south perennial cap between 1972 and 2004: implications for current climate change, J. Geophys. Res., 113, E02006, doi:10.1029/2007JE002969.
Piqueux, S., Byrne, S., and Richardson, M. I. (2003) Sublimation of Mars’s southern seasonal CO2 ice cap and the formation of spiders, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 5084, doi:10.1029/2002JE002007.
Piqueux, S., Edwards, C. S., and Christensen, P. R. (2008) Distribution of the ices exposed near the south pole of Mars using Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) temperature measurements J. Geophys. Res., 113, E8, E08014.
Piqueux, S., Byrne, S., Kieffer, H. H., Titus, T. N., and Hansen, C. J. (2015) Enumeration of Mars years and seasons since the beginning of telescopic exploration, Icarus, 251, 332338.
Plaut, J. J. (2005) An inventory of impact craters on the Martian south polar layered deposits, 36th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 2319.
Pollack, J. B., Haberle, R. M., Schaeffer, J., and Lee, H. (1990) Simulations of the general circulation of the Martian atmosphere: 1. Polar processes, J. Geophys. Res: Solid Earth, 95, B2, 14471473.
Pollack, J. B., Haberle, R. M., Murphy, J. R., Schaeffer, J., and Lee, H. (1993) Simulations of the general circulation of the Martian atmosphere: 2. Seasonal pressure variations, J. Geophys. Res.: Planets, 98, E2, 31493181.
Pommerol, A., Appéré, T., Portyankina, G., et al. (2013) Observations of the northern seasonal polar cap on Mars III: CRISM/HiRISE observations of spring sublimation, Icarus, 225, 2, 911922.
Portyankina, G., Markiewicz, W. J., Thomas, N., Hansen, C. J., and Milazzo, M. (2010) HiRISE observations of gas sublimation-driven activity in Mars’ southern polar regions: III. Models of processes involving translucent ice, Icarus, 205, 1, 311320.
Portyankina, G., Pommerol, A., Aye, K.-M., et al. (2013) Observations of the northern seasonal polar cap on Mars II: HiRISE photometric analysis of evolution of northern polar dunes in spring, Icarus, 225, 2, 898910.
Prettyman, T. H. (2014) Remote sensing of chemical elements using nuclear spectroscopy, in Encyclopedia of the Solar System, Elsevier, 11611183.
Prettyman, T. H., Feldman, W. C., Mellon, M. T., et al. (2004) Composition and structure of the Martian surface at high southern latitudes from neutron spectroscopy, J. Geophys. Res. 109, E5, E05001.
Prettyman, T. H., Feldman, W. C., and Titus, T. N. (2009) Characterization of Mars’ seasonal caps using neutron spectroscopy, J. Geophys, Res., 114, E8, E08005.
Russell, P., Thomas, N., Byrne, S., et al. (2008) Seasonally active frost-dust avalanches on a north polar scarp of Mars captured by HiRISE, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, 23, CiteID L23204.
Schmitt, B., Douté, S., Langevin, Y., et al. (2005a) Northern seasonal condensates on Mars by OMEGA/Mars Express, in Annu. Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf. XXXVI, League City, Texas, Abstract No. 2326, March 14–18.
Schmitt, B., Douté, S., Langevin, Y., et al. (2005b) Spring sublimation of the seasonal condensates on Mars from OMEGA/Mars Express, in Fall AGU Meeting, Abstract No. P23C-02.
Schmidt, F., Schmitt, B., Douté, S., et al. (2010) Sublimation of the Martian CO2 Seasonal South Polar Cap, Planetary and Space Science, 58, 10, 11291138.
Schofield, J. T., Barnes, J. R., Crisp, D., et al. (1997) The Mars Pathfinder atmospheric structure investigation/meteorology, Science, 278, 1752. doi:10.1126/science.278.5344.1752
Sefton-Nash, E., Teanby, N. A., Montabone, L., et al. (2013) Climatology and first-order composition estimates of mesospheric clouds from Mars Climate Sounder limb spectra, Icarus, 223, 710721.
Seiff, A., Tillman, J. E., Murphy, J. R., et al. (1997) The atmosphere structure and meteorology instrument on the Mars Pathfinder Lander, J. Geophys. Res., 102, E2, 40454056.
Siili, T., Haberle, R. M., and Murphy, J. R. (1997) Sensitivity of Martian Southern polar cap edge winds and surface stresses to dust optical thickness and to the large-scale sublimation flow, Advances in Space Research, 19, 12411244, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00276-7.
Siili, T., Haberle, R. M., Murphy, J. R., and Savijärvi, H. (1999) Modelling of the combined late-winter ice cap edge and slope winds in Mars Hellas and Argyre regions, Planetary and Space Science, 47, 951970, doi:10.1016/S0032-0633(99)00016-1.
Silvestro, S., Fenton, L. K., Vaz, D. A., Bridges, N. T., and Ori, G. G. (2010) Ripple migration and dune activity on Mars: evidence for dynamic wind processes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, 20, CiteID L20203.
Smith, D. E., Zuber, M. T., and Neumann, G. A. (2001a) Seasonal variations of snow depth on Mars, Science, 294, 21412146.
Smith, D. E., Zuber, M. T., Frey, H. V., et al. (2001b) Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter: experiment summary after the first year of global mapping of Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 2368923722.
Smith, D. E., Zuber, M. T., Torrence, M. H., et al. (2009) Time variations of Mars’ gravitational field and seasonal changes in the masses of the polar ice caps, J. Geophys. Res., 114, E05002, doi:10.1029/2008JE003267.
Smith, M. D., Pearl, J. C., Conrath, B. J., and Christensen, P. R. (2001) Thermal Emission Spectrometer results: Mars atmospheric thermal structure and aerosol distribution, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, E10, 2392923945.
Spiga, A., Forget, F., Madeleine, J.-B., et al. (2011) The impact of Martian mesoscale winds on surface temperature and on the determination of thermal inertia, Icarus, 212, 504519.
Spiga, A., González-Galindo, F., López-Valverde, M.-Á., and Forget, F. (2012) Gravity waves, cold pockets and CO2 clouds in the Martian mesosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L02201, doi:10.1029/2011GL050343.
Sprague, A. L., Boynton, W. V., Kerry, K. E., et al. (2004) Mars’ south polar Ar enhancement: a tracer for south polar seasonal meridional mixing. Science, 306, 5700, 13641367.
Sprague, A. L., Boynton, W. V., Kerry, K. E., et al. (2007) Mars’ atmospheric argon: tracer for understanding Martian atmospheric circulation and dynamics, J. Geophys. Res., 112, E3, E03S02.
Sprague, A. L., Boynton, W. V., Forget, F., et al. (2012) Interannual similarity and variation in seasonal circulation of Mars’ atmospheric Ar as seen by the Gamma Ray Spectrometer on Mars Odyssey, J. Geophys. Res., 117, E4, CiteID E04005.
Stoney, G. J. (1898) Of atmospheres upon planets and satellites, Astrophys. J., 7, 25.
Sutter, B., Boynton, W. V., Ming, D. W., et al. (2012) The detection of carbonate in the Martian soil at the Phoenix Landing site: a laboratory investigation and comparison with the Thermal and Evolved Gas Analyzer (TEGA) data, Icarus, 218, 290296.
Szwast, M. A., Richardson, M. I., and Vasavada, A. R. (2006) Surface dust redistribution on Mars as observed by the Mars Global Surveyor and Viking orbiters, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, E11, E11008.
Tanaka, K. L., Kolb, E. J., and Fortezzo, C. (2007) Recent advances in the stratigraphy of the polar regions of Mars, Seventh International Conference on Mars, 1353, 3276.
Taylor, P. A., Kahanpää, H., Weng, W., et al. (2010) On pressure measurement and seasonal pressure variations during the Phoenix mission, J. Geophys. Res., 115, E00E15. doi:10.1029/2009JE003422.
Thomas, P. C., Malin, M. C., Edgett, K. S., et al. (2000) North–south geological difference between the residual polar caps on Mars, Nature, 404, 161–4.
Thomas, P. C., Malin, M. C., James, P. B., et al. (2005) South polar residual cap of Mars: features, stratigraphy, and changes, Icarus, 174, 535–59, 2005.
Thomas, P. C., James, P. B., Calvin, W. M., et al. (2009) Residual south polar cap of Mars: stratigraphy, history, and implications of recent changes, Icarus, 203, 2, 352375.
Thomas, P. C., Calvin, W. M., Gierasch, P., et al. (2013) Time scales of erosion and deposition recorded in the residual south polar cap of Mars, Icarus, 225, 2, 923932.
Tillman, J. E. (1988) Mars global atmospheric oscillations: annually synchronized, transient normal mode oscillations and the triggering of global dust storms, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 94339451.
Tillman, J. E., Johnson, N. C., Guttorp, P., and Percival, D. B. (1993) The Martian annual atmospheric pressure cycle – years without great dust storms, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 1096310971. doi:10.1029/93JE01084.
Titus, T. N. (2005a) Mars polar cap edges tracked over 3 full Mars years, in Annu. Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf. XXXVI, Houston, TX: Lunar and Planetary Institute, Abstract #1993, March 14–18.
Titus, T. N. (2005b) Thermal infrared and visual observations of a water ice lag in the Mars southern summer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L24204, doi:10.1029/2005GL024211.
Titus, T. N., and Kieffer, H. H. (2001) IR spectral properties of dust and ice at the mass south polar cap, American Astronomical Society, DPS Meeting #33, Abstract #19.15, Bull. Am. Astron., 33, 1071.
Titus, T. N. and Michaels, T. I. (2009) Determining priorities for future Mars polar research, Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 90, 40, 351351.
Titus, T. N., and Cushing, G. E. (2014) Monitoring the Mars polar caps during Mars years 24–28, in 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 17–21 March, The Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1777, 2177.
Titus, T. N., Kieffer, H. H., and Mullins, K. F. (1998) TES observations of the south pole, American Astronomical Society, DPS meeting #30, #20.05, Bull. Amer. Astron. Soc., 30, 1049.
Titus, T. N., Kieffer, H. H., Mullins, K. F., and Christensen, P. R. (2001) TES premapping data: slab ice and snow flurries in the Martian north polar night, J. Geophys. Res., 106, E10, 2318123196.
Titus, T. N., Kieffer, H. H., and Christensen, P. R. (2003) Exposed water ice discovered near the south pole of Mars, Science, 299, 10481051.
Titus, T. N., Kieffer, H. H., Langevin, Y., et al. (2007) Bright fans in Mars cryptic region caused by adiabatic cooling of CO2 gas jets, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2007, abstract #P24A-05.
Titus, T. N., Calvin, W. M., Kieffer, H. H., et al. (2008) Martian polar processes, in The Martian Surface – Composition, Mineralogy, and Physical Properties. Ed. Bell, Jim, III. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 578.
Titus, T. N., Prettyman, T. H., Brown, A., et al. (2010a) Mars Ice Condensation and Density Orbiter, paper presented at LPSC XXXXI, LPI, Houston, TX.
Titus, T. N., Prettyman, T. H., Michaels, T., et al. (2010b) Mars Polar Science for the Next Decade Decadal Survey, White Paper, http://www8.nationalacademies.org/ssbsurvey/publicview.aspx, 6.
Tobie, G., Forget, F., and Lott, F. (2003) Numerical simulation of the winter polar wave clouds observed by Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter, Icarus, 164, 1, 3349.
Toigo, A. D., Richardson, M. I., Wilson, R. J., et al. (2002) A first look at dust lifting and dust storms near the south pole of Mars with a mesoscale model, J. Geophys. Res., 107, E7, doi:10.1029/2001JE001592.
Toigo, A. D., Smith, M. D., Seelos, F. P., and Murchie, S. L. (2013) High spatial and temporal resolution sampling of Martian gas abundances from CRISM spectra, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 118, 89104, doi:10.1029/2012JE004147.
Tokar, R. L., Feldman, W. C., Prettyman, T. H., et al. (2002) Ice concentration and distribution near the south pole of Mars: synthesis of Odyssey and global surveyor analyses, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 1904, doi:10.1029/2002GL015691.
Tokar, R., Elphic, R., Feldman, W., et al. (2003) Mars Odyssey neutron sensing of the south residual polar cap, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 13, 1677.
Toon, O. B., Pollack, J. B., Ward, W., Burns, J. A., and Bilski, K. (1980) The astronomical theory of climatic change on Mars, Icarus, 44, 552607. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(80)90130-X.
Tyler, D., and Barnes, J. R. (2005) A mesoscale model study of summertime atmospheric circulations in the north polar region of Mars, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 110, E06007.
Tyler, D. Jr., Barnes, J. R., and Skyllingstad, E. D. (2008) Mesoscale and large-eddy simulation model studies of the Martian atmosphere in support of Phoenix, J. Geophys. Res., 113, E00A12, doi:10.1029/2007JE003012.
Vesovic, V., Wakeham, W. A., Olchowy, G. A., et al. (1990) The transport properties of carbon dioxide, Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 19, 3, 763808.
Vincendon, M., Mustard, J., Forget, F., et al. (2010) Near-tropical subsurface ice on Mars., Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, 1, L01202.
Wagstaff, K. L., Titus, T. N., Ivanov, A. B., Castaño, R., and Bandfield, J. L. (2008) Observations of the north polar water ice annulus on Mars using THEMIS and TES, Planet. Space Sci., 56, 256265., doi:10.1016/j.pss.2007.08.008.
Ward, W. R., Murray, B. C., and Malin, M. C. (1974) Climatic variations on Mars: 2. Evolution of carbon dioxide atmosphere and polar caps, Journal of Geophysical Research, 79, 24, 3387.
Warren, S. G., Wiscombe, W. J., and Firestone, J. F. (1990) Spectral albedo and emissivity of CO2 in Martian polar caps – model results, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 1471714741.
Wells, E. H., and Hale, D. P. (1971) Flashes on Mars observed in 1937 and some random remarks, Nature, 232, 324325.
Wilson, L. J. (1937) Apparent flashes seen on Mars, Pop. Astron., 45, 430.
Winfree, K. N., and Titus, T. N. (2007) Trends in the south polar cap of Mars, in Seventh International Conference on Mars, July 9–13, Pasadena, CA, LPI Contribution No. 1353, 3373.
Wood, S. E. (1999) Nucleation and growth of CO2 ice crystals in the Martian atmosphere, Thesis, UCLA, Los Angeles.
Wood, S. E., and Paige, D. A. (1992) Modeling the Martian seasonal CO2 cycle 1: Fitting the Viking Lander pressure curves, Icarus, 99, 1, 114.
Yoder, C. F., and Standish, E. M. (1997) Martian precession and rotation from Viking Lander range data, J. Geophys. Res., 102, E2, 40654080.