Skip to main content
  • Print publication year: 2018
  • Online publication date: January 2018

Chapter 4 - The Nature of the General Factor of Intelligence

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Nature of Human Intelligence
  • Online ISBN: 9781316817049
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
Angeles Quiroga, M., Escorial, S., Roman, F. J., Morillo, D., Jarabo, A., Privado, J., ... Colom, R. (2015). Can we reliably measure the general factor of intelligence (g) through commercial video games? Yes, we can! Intelligence, 53, 17.
Bagozzi, R. P. (2007). On the meaning of formative measurement and how it differs from reflective measurement: Comment on Howell, Breivik, and Wilcox (2007). Psychological Methods, 12(2), 229-237-245.
Blair, C. (2006). How similar are fluid cognition and general intelligence? A developmental neuroscience perspective on fluid cognition as an aspect of human cognitive ability. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29(2), 109-25-60.
Boring, E. G. (1923). Intelligence as the tests test it. New Republic, 36, 3537.
Cahan, S., & Cohen, N. (1989). Age versus schooling effects on intelligence development. Child Development, 60(5), 12391249.
Cattell, R. B. (1971). Abilities: Their structure, growth, and action. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Colflesh, G. J. H., & Conway, A. R. A. (2007). Individual differences in working memory capacity and divided attention in dichotic listening, 14(4), 699703.
Conway, A. R. A., Cowan, N., & Bunting, M. F. (2001). The cocktail party phenomenon revisited: The importance of working memory capacity. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 8(2), 331335.
Conway, A. R. A., Cowan, N., Bunting, M. F., Therriault, D. J., & Minkoff, S. R. (2002). A latent variable analysis of working memory capacity, short-term memory capacity, processing speed, and general fluid intelligence. Intelligence, 30(2), 163183.
Conway, A. R. A., & Kovacs, K. (2013). Individual differences in intelligence and working memory. In B Ross (Ed.), Psychology of Learning and Motivation (Vol. 58, pp. 233270). Cambridge, MA: Academic Press.
Conway, A. R. A., Tuholski, S. W., Shisler, R. J., & Engle, R. W. (1999). The effect of memory load on negative priming: An individual differences investigation. Memory & Cognition, 27(6), 10421050.
Cowan, N. (2016). The many faces of working memory and short-term storage. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 24(4), 1–13.
Diamond, A., Barnett, W. S., Thomas, J., & Munro, S. (2007). Preschool program improves cognitive control. Science, 318(5855), 13871388.
Engelhardt, L. E., Mann, F. D., Briley, D. A., Church, J. A., Harden, K. P., & Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2016). Strong genetic overlap between executive functions and intelligence. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 145(9), 1141–59.
Engle, R. W., & Kane, M. J. (2004). Executive attention, working memory capacity, and a two-factor theory of cognitive control. The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, 44, 145199.
Engle, R. W., Tuholski, S. W., Laughlin, J. E., & Conway, A. R. A. (1999). Working memory, short-term memory, and general fluid intelligence: A latent-variable approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 128(3), 309–31.
Gignac, G. E. (2007). Working memory and fluid intelligence are both identical to g?! Reanalyses and critical evaluation. Psychology Science, 49(3), 187.
Gustafsson, J.-E. (1984). A unifying model for the structure of intellectual abilities. Intelligence, 8(3), 179203.
Hartshorne, J. K., & Germine, L. T. (2015). When does cognitive functioning peak? The asynchronous rise and fall of different cognitive abilities across the life span. Psychological Science, 26(4), 433443.
Horn, J. L. (1994). Theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence. In Sternberg, R. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human intelligence (pp. 443451). New York: MacMillan Reference Library.
Kan, K.-J., Van der Maas, H. L. J., & Kievit, R. A. (2016). Process overlap theory: Strengths, limitations, and challenges. Psychological Inquiry, 27(3), 220228.
Kane, M. J., Bleckley, M. K., Conway, A. R. A., & Engle, R. W. (2001). A controlled-attention view of working-memory capacity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130(2), 169183.
Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2002). The role of prefrontal cortex in working-memory capacity, executive attention, and general fluid intelligence: An individual-differences perspective. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9(4), 637671.
Kane, M. J., Hambrick, D. Z., & Conway, A. R. A. (2005). Working memory capacity and fluid intelligence are strongly related constructs: Comment on Ackerman, Beier, and Boyle (2005). Psychological Bulletin, 131, 66-71-75.
Kane, M. J., Hambrick, D. Z., Tuholski, S. W., Wilhelm, O., Payne, T. W., & Engle, R. W. (2004). The generality of working memory capacity: A latent-variable approach to verbal and visuospatial memory span and reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 133(2), 189217.
Kovacs, K. (2010). A component process account of the general factor of intelligence. Unpublished PhD thesis. University of Cambridge.
Kovacs, K., & Conway, A. R. A. (2016a). Has g gone to POT? Psychological Inquiry, 27(3), 241253.
Kovacs, K., & Conway, A. R. A. (2016b). Process overlap theory: A unified account of the general factor of intelligence. Psychological Inquiry, 27(3), 151177.
Kovacs, K., Molenaar, D., & Conway, A. R. A. (in progress). The domain-specificity of working memory: A matter of ability.
Kovacs, K., & Temesvari, E. (2016). Számítógépes, adaptív IQ-mérés: Egy gyakorlati példa. Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle, 71, 143163.
Kyllonen, P. C., & Christal, R. E. (1990). Reasoning ability is (little more than) working-memory capacity?! Intelligence.
Mackintosh, N. J. (2014). Why teach intelligence? Intelligence, 42, 166170.
Macnamara, B. N., Hambrick, D. Z., & Oswald, F. L. (2014). Deliberate practice and performance in music, games, sports, education, and professions: A meta-analysis. Psychological Science, 25(8), 16081618.
Matzke, D., Dolan, C. V., & Molenaar, D. (2010). The issue of power in the identification of “g” with lower-order factors. Intelligence, 38(3), 336344.
McGrew, K. S. (2009). CHC theory and the human cognitive abilities project: Standing on the shoulders of the giants of psychometric intelligence research. Intelligence, 37(1), 110.
Melby-Lervåg, M., Redick, T. S., & Hulme, C. (2016). Working memory training does not improve performance on measures of intelligence or other measures of “far transfer” evidence from a meta-analytic review. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11(4), 512534.
Nisbett, R. E. (2009). Intelligence and how to get it: Why schools and cultures count. New York: WW Norton & Company.
Oberauer, K., Schulze, R., Wilhelm, O., & Süss, H.-M. (2005). Working memory and intelligence – their correlation and their relation: Comment on Ackerman, Beier, and Boyle (2005). Psychological Bulletin, 131, 61-65-75.
Pashler, H., Mcdaniel, M., Rohrer, D., & Bjork, R. (2009). Concepts and evidence. Psychological Science, 9(3), 105119.
Raven, J. C. (2000). Psychometrics, cognitive ability, and occupational performance. Review of Psychology, 7(1–2), 5174.
Rogowsky, B. A., Calhoun, B. M., & Tallal, P. (2015). Matching learning style to instructional method: Effects on comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 107(1), 6478.
Shipstead, Z., Lindsey, D. R. B., Marshall, R. L., & Engle, R. W. (2014). The mechanisms of working memory capacity: Primary memory, secondary memory, and attention control. Journal of Memory and Language, 72, 116141.
Simons, D. J., Boot, W. R., Charness, N., Gathercole, S. E., Chabris, C. F., Hambrick, D. Z., & Stine-morrow, E. A. L. (2016). Do “brain-training” programs work?
St Clair-Thompson, H. L., & Gathercole, S. E. (2006). Executive functions and achievements in school: Shifting, updating, inhibition, and working memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 59(4), 745759.
Sternberg, R. J., & Detterman, D. K. (Eds.). (1986). What is intelligence?: Contemporary viewpoints on its Nature and definition. New York: Ablex Publishing Corporation.
Sternberg, R. J., & Grigorenko, E. L. (2004). Intelligence and culture: How culture shapes what intelligence means, and the implications for a science of well-being. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 359(1449), 14271434.
Thomson, G. H. (1916). A hierarchy without a general factor. British Journal of Psychology, 1904–1920, 8(3), 271281.
Thorell, L. B., Lindqvist, S., Bergman Nutley, S., Bohlin, G., & Klingberg, T. (2009). Training and transfer effects of executive functions in preschool children. Developmental Science, 12(1), 106113.
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division. (2015). World population ageing 2015. New York: United Nations.
Unsworth, N., Fukuda, K., Awh, E., & Vogel, E. K. (2014). Working memory and fluid intelligence: Capacity, attention control, and secondary memory retrieval. Cognitive Psychology, 71, 126.
Van der Linden, W. J., & Glas, G. A. W. (2002). Computerized adaptive testing: Theory and practice. New York: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Van der Maas, H. L. J., Kan, K.-J., & Borsboom, D. (2014). Intelligence is what the intelligence test measures. Seriously. Journal of Intelligence, 2(1), 1215.
Weiner, H., & Dorans, N. J. (2000). Computerized adaptive testing: A primer (2nd edn.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.