The oscillations of a curved interface are considered, neglecting the effects of gravity. The system under consideration consists of a right, circular, cylindrical tank of finite length, partially filled with an inviscid, incompressible, wetting liquid. When the container spins about its axis of revolution, the large-scale vapour cavity takes an elongated spheroid-like shape, symmetric about the axis of rotation. The fluid—vapour interface will oscillate about the equilibrium configuration if disturbing forces are present. The case where the vapour cavity touches the walls of the tank is not included in this investigation.
The equations of motion are linearized. However, the resulting eigenvalue problem is non-linear. Surface tension and rotation are taken into account only to the extent allowed by a linearized stability theory.
The self-sustained oscillations are governed by a partial differential equation of elliptic type, the field equation of the perturbation pressure. According to the results obtained from theory, all eigenfrequencies for this case are greater than twice the angular speed of the tank. The first two eigenfrequencies can be computed with high accuracy. The relation between the bubble shape and the eigen-frequency is shown in a graph for a specific example.
The governing differential equation is hyperbolic for forced oscillations induced by a small force field of constant magnitude and direction in an inertial frame of reference. A solution for this problem exists only in case of a cylindrical tank of infinite length. Discontinuities in the velocity components occur in the flow field. A numerical example has been carried out.