The pulsed laser deposition of zinc oxide films (ZnO) has been studied as a function of laser wavelength, and substrate temperature. The deposited films were characterized by x-ray diffractometry, Auger electron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Highly textured (002) ZnO films have been deposited at substrate temperatures of 300 C with laser wavelengths of 532 nm and 248 nm. However, the energy fluence of 248 nm radiation controls the degree of texturing, allowing highly textured films to be deposited at room temperature.
Smart structures based on embedded, textured ZnO coated fibers, and wires exhibit excellent piezoelectric response to external stress.