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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: June 2012

8 - Camouflage and visual perception


The visual sense is very useful to many animals. It allows the detection and identification of distant objects. The properties of visual systems vary considerably between different animals (e.g. Walls 1942; Autrum et al. 1973; Weckstrom & Laughlin 1995; Bowmaker & Hunt 2006), but the main issues concern the directional sensitivity (acuity) of the system; the light levels under which it operates; the field of view, including any areas of binocular overlap; the extent to which specific features such as spectral or motion information are extracted from the visual environment; and the spatial and temporal characteristics of sampling the environment.

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