Skip to main content Accesibility Help

To kill a bee: The aptness and moralistic heuristics of reactive attitudes

  • Hugo Viciana (a1), Antonio Gaitán (a2) and Fernando Aguiar (a1)

Although we are sensitive to the advantages of reactive attitudes as a starting point, we are concerned that confusion on the level of analysis can easily plague this type of account. We argue that what is needed here is a serious appraisal of the effects on the promotion of values of moralistic responses toward different types of agency.

Hide All
Alesina, A. & Angeletos, G.-M. (2005) Fairness and redistribution. The American Economic Review 95(4):960–80.
Barrett, H. C., Bolyanatz, A., Crittenden, A. N., Fessler, D. M. T., Fitzpatrick, S., Gurven, M., Henrich, J., Kanovsky, M., Kushnick, G., Pisorf, A., Scelzaa, B.A., Stichl, S., von Ruedenn, C., Zhaoh, W. & Laurence, S. (2016) Small-scale societies exhibit fundamental variation in the role of intentions in moral judgment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113(17):4688–93. Available at:
Benabou, R. & Tirole, J. (2006) Belief in a just world and redistributive politics. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 121(2):699746.
D'Arms, J. & Jacobson, D. (2000) The moralistic fallacy: On the “appropriateness” of emotions. Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 61(1):6590.
Debove, S., Baumard, N. & André, J.-B. (2015) Evolution of equal division among unequal partners. Evolution 69(2):561–69. Available at:
Doris, J. M. (2015b). Talking to our selves: Reflection, ignorance, and agency. Oxford University Press.
Fessler, D. M. & Holbrook, C. (2013) Baumard et al.'s moral markets lack market dynamics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36(1):8990.
Fiske, A. P. & Rai, T. S. (2014) Virtuous violence: Hurting and killing to create, sustain, end, and honor social relationships. Cambridge University Press.
Frank, R. H. (1988) Passions within reason: The strategic role of the emotions. Norton.
Gavrilets, S. (2012) On the evolutionary origins of the egalitarian syndrome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(35):14069–74.
Jacquet, J. (2015) Is shame necessary? New uses for an old tool. Vintage.
Jacquet, J., Hauert, C., Traulsen, A. & Milinski, M. (2011) Shame and honour drive cooperation. Biology Letters 7:899901. Available at:
Levy, N. (2011) Hard luck: How luck undermines free will and moral responsibility. Oxford University Press.
Mackie, J. L. (1977) Ethics: Inventing right and wrong. Penguin.
Morris, I. (2015) Foragers, farmers, and fossil fuels: How human values evolve. Princeton University Press.
Pinker, S. (2011) The better angels of our nature: Why violence has declined. Viking Books.
Scanlon, T. (2013) Interpreting blame. In: Blame. Its nature and norms, ed. Coates, J. & Tognazzini, N., pp. 8499. Oxford University Press.
Weeden, J. & Kurzban, R. (2014) The hidden agenda of the political mind: How self-interest shapes our opinions and why we won't admit it. Princeton University Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed