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We prove field quantifier elimination for valued fields endowed with both an analytic structure that is
-Henselian and an automorphism that is
-Henselian. From this result we can deduce various Ax–Kochen–Eršov type results with respect to completeness and the independence property. The main example we are interested in is the field of Witt vectors on the algebraic closure of
endowed with its natural analytic structure and the lifting of the Frobenius. It turns out we can give a (reasonable) axiomatization of its first-order theory and that this theory does not have the independence property.
We use Toeplitz operators to evaluate the leading term in the asymptotics of the analytic torsion forms associated with a family of flat vector bundles
, the flat vector bundle
is the direct image of
is a holomorphic positive line bundle on the fibres of a flat fibration by compact Kähler manifolds. The leading term of the analytic torsion forms is the integral along the fibre of a locally defined differential form.
We consider a certain family of Kudla–Rapoport cycles on an integral model of a Shimura variety attached to a unitary group of signature (1, 1), and prove that the arithmetic degrees of these cycles are Fourier coefficients of the central derivative of an Eisenstein series of genus 2. The integral model in question parameterizes abelian surfaces equipped with a non-principal polarization and an action of an imaginary quadratic number ring, and in this setting the cycles are degenerate: they may contain components of positive dimension. This result can be viewed as confirmation, in the degenerate setting and for dimension 2, of conjectures of Kudla and Kudla–Rapoport that predict relations between the intersection numbers of special cycles and the Fourier coefficients of automorphic forms.
For an odd-dimensional oriented hyperbolic manifold with cusps and strongly acyclic coefficient systems, we define the Reidemeister torsion of the Borel–Serre compactification of the manifold using bases of cohomology classes defined via Eisenstein series by the method of Harder. In the main result of this paper we relate this combinatorial torsion to the regularized analytic torsion. Together with results on the asymptotic behaviour of the regularized analytic torsion, established previously, this should have applications to study the growth of torsion in the cohomology of arithmetic groups. Our main result is established via a gluing formula, and here our approach is heavily inspired by a recent paper of Lesch.
In this article, we investigate the pointwise behaviors of functions on the Heisenberg group. We find wavelet characterizations for the global and local Hölder exponents. Then we prove some a priori upper bounds for the multifractal spectrum of all functions in a given Hölder, Sobolev, or Besov space. These upper bounds turn out to be optimal, since in all cases they are reached by typical functions in the corresponding functional spaces. We also explain how to adapt our proof to extend our results to Carnot groups.
We study systems of
points in the Euclidean space of dimension
interacting via a Riesz kernel
and confined by an external potential, in the regime where
$d-2\leqslant s. We also treat the case of logarithmic interactions in dimensions 1 and 2. Our study includes and retrieves all cases previously studied in Sandier and Serfaty [2D Coulomb gases and the renormalized energy, Ann. Probab. (to appear); 1D log gases and the renormalized energy: crystallization at vanishing temperature (2013)] and Rougerie and Serfaty [Higher dimensional Coulomb gases and renormalized energy functionals, Comm. Pure Appl. Math. (to appear)]. Our approach is based on the Caffarelli–Silvestre extension formula, which allows one to view the Riesz kernel as the kernel of an (inhomogeneous) local operator in the extended space
, we exhibit a next to leading order term in
in the asymptotic expansion of the total energy of the system, where the constant term in factor of
depends on the microscopic arrangement of the points and is expressed in terms of a ‘renormalized energy’. This new object is expected to penalize the disorder of an infinite set of points in whole space, and to be minimized by Bravais lattice (or crystalline) configurations. We give applications to the statistical mechanics in the case where temperature is added to the system, and identify an expected ‘crystallization regime’. We also obtain a result of separation of the points for minimizers of the energy.
be a non-Archimedean local field, and let
be the group of
-rational points of an inner form of
. We study Hecke algebras for all Bernstein components of
, via restriction from an inner form
For any packet of L-indistinguishable Bernstein components, we exhibit an explicit algebra whose module category is equivalent to the associated category of complex smooth
-representations. This algebra comes from an idempotent in the full Hecke algebra of
, and the idempotent is derived from a type for
. We show that the Hecke algebras for Bernstein components of
are similar to affine Hecke algebras of type
, yet in many cases are not Morita equivalent to any crossed product of an affine Hecke algebra with a finite group.
We develop a strategy making extensive use of tent spaces to study parabolic equations with quadratic nonlinearities as for the Navier–Stokes system. We begin with a new proof of the well-known result of Koch and Tataru on the well-posedness of Navier–Stokes equations in
with small initial data in
. We then study another model where neither pointwise kernel bounds nor self-adjointness are available.
In this paper, we define and study strong right-invariant sub-Riemannian structures on the group of diffeomorphisms of a manifold with bounded geometry. We derive the Hamiltonian geodesic equations for such structures, and we provide examples of normal and of abnormal geodesics in that infinite-dimensional context. The momentum formulation gives a sub-Riemannian version of the Euler–Arnol’d equation. Finally, we establish some approximate and exact reachability properties for diffeomorphisms, and we give some consequences for Moser theorems.
In this paper, we prove that, up to similarity, there are only two minimal hypersurfaces in
that are asymptotic to a Simons cone, i.e., the minimal cone over the minimal hypersurface
We consider the semiclassical Schrödinger equation on a compact negatively curved surface. For any sequence of initial data microlocalized on the unit cotangent bundle, we look at the quantum evolution (below the Ehrenfest time) under small perturbations of the Schrödinger equation, and we prove that, in the semiclassical limit, and for typical perturbations, the solutions become equidistributed on the unit cotangent bundle.
We investigate questions of maximal symmetry in Banach spaces and the structure of certain bounded non-unitarisable groups on Hilbert space. In particular, we provide structural information about bounded groups with an essentially unique invariant complemented subspace. This is subsequently combined with rigidity results for the unitary representation of
is the countably infinite regular tree, to describe the possible bounded subgroups of
extending a well-known non-unitarisable representation of
As a related result, we also show that a transitive norm on a separable Banach space must be strictly convex.
We prove certain depth bounds for Arthur’s endoscopic transfer of representations from classical groups to the corresponding general linear groups over local fields of characteristic 0, with some restrictions on the residue characteristic. We then use these results and the method of Deligne and Kazhdan of studying representation theory over close local fields to obtain, under some restrictions on the characteristic, the local Langlands correspondence for split classical groups over local function fields from the corresponding result of Arthur in characteristic 0.
be a large field of characteristic
. We classify the supersingular simple modules of the pro-
of a general reductive
. We show that the functor of pro-
-Iwahori invariants behaves well when restricted to the representations compactly induced from an irreducible smooth
of a special parahoric subgroup
. We give an almost-isomorphism between the center of
and the center of the spherical Hecke algebra
, and a Satake-type isomorphism for
. This generalizes results obtained by Ollivier for
We extend and apply the Galois theory of linear differential equations equipped with the action of an endomorphism. The Galois groups in this Galois theory are difference algebraic groups, and we use structure theorems for these groups to characterize the possible difference algebraic relations among solutions of linear differential equations. This yields tools to show that certain special functions are difference transcendent. One of our main results is a characterization of discrete integrability of linear differential equations with almost simple usual Galois group, based on a structure theorem for the Zariski dense difference algebraic subgroups of almost simple algebraic groups, which is a schematic version, in characteristic zero, of a result due to Z. Chatzidakis, E. Hrushovski, and Y. Peterzil.
We describe a model-theoretic setting for the study of Shimura varieties, and study the interaction between model theory and arithmetic geometry in this setting. In particular, we show that the model-theoretic statement of a certain
-sentence having a unique model of cardinality
is equivalent to a condition regarding certain Galois representations associated with Hodge-generic points. We then show that for modular and Shimura curves this
-sentence has a unique model in every infinite cardinality. In the process, we prove a new characterisation of the special points on any Shimura variety.
is a compact Kähler manifold. In the present work we propose a construction for weak geodesic rays in the space of Kähler potentials that is tied together with properties of the class
. As an application of our construction, we prove a characterization of
in terms of envelopes.
We analyze the elementary theory of certain fields
-adic algebraic numbers that were introduced and studied by Geyer and Jarden and by Haran, Jarden, and Pop. In particular, we provide an axiomatization of these theories and prove their decidability, thereby giving a common generalization of classical decidability results of Jarden and Kiehne, Fried, Haran, and Völklein, and Ershov.
We construct local and global metaplectic double covers of odd general spin groups, using the cover of Matsumoto of spin groups. Following Kazhdan and Patterson, a local exceptional representation is the unique irreducible quotient of a principal series representation, induced from a certain exceptional character. The global exceptional representation is obtained as the multi-residue of an Eisenstein series: it is an automorphic representation, and it decomposes as the restricted tensor product of local exceptional representations. As in the case of the small representation of
of Bump, Friedberg, and Ginzburg, exceptional representations enjoy the vanishing of a large class of twisted Jacquet modules (locally), or Fourier coefficients (globally). Consequently they are useful in many settings, including lifting problems and Rankin–Selberg integrals. We describe one application, to a calculation of a co-period integral.